Regulation of oligodendrocyte differentiation and myelination

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

339 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Despite the importance of myelin for the rapid conduction of action potentials, the molecular bases of oligodendrocyte differentiation and central nervous system (CNS) myelination are still incompletely understood. Recent results have greatly advanced this understanding, identifying new transcriptional regulators of myelin gene expression, elucidating vital roles for microRNAs in controlling myelination, and clarifying the extracellular signaling mechanisms that orchestrate the development of myelin. Studies have also demonstrated an unexpected level of plasticity of myelin in the adult CNS. These recent advances provide new insight into how remyelination may be stimulated in demyelinating disorders such as multiple sclerosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)779-782
Number of pages4
JournalScience
Volume330
Issue number6005
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 5 2010
Externally publishedYes

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Oligodendroglia
Myelin Sheath
Central Nervous System
Demyelinating Diseases
Regulator Genes
MicroRNAs
Action Potentials
Multiple Sclerosis
Gene Expression

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

Regulation of oligodendrocyte differentiation and myelination. / Emery, Ben.

In: Science, Vol. 330, No. 6005, 05.11.2010, p. 779-782.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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