Regulation of K(ATP) channel activity by diazoxide and MgADP: Distinct functions of the two nucleotide binding folds of the sulfonylurea receptor

S. L. Shyng, T. Ferrigni, C. G. Nichols

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K(ATP) channels were reconstituted in COSm6 cells by coexpression of the sulfonylurea receptor SUR1 and the inward rectifier potassium channel Kir6.2. The role of the two nucleotide binding folds of SUR1 in regulation of K(ATP) channel activity by nucleotides and diazoxide was investigated. Mutations in the linker region and the Walker B motif (Walker, J.E., M.J. Saraste, M.J. Runswick, and N.J. Gay. 1982. EMBO [Eur. Mol. Biol. Organ.] J. 1:945-951) of the second nucleotide binding fold, including G1479D, G1479R, G1485D, G1485R, Q1486H, and D1506A, all abolished stimulation by MgADP and diazoxide, with the exception of G1479R, which showed a small stimulatory response to diazoxide. Analogous mutations in the first nucleotide binding fold, including G827D, G827R, and Q834H, were still stimulated by diazoxide and MgADP, but with altered kinetics compared with the wild-type channel. None of the mutations altered the sensitivity of the channel to inhibition by ATP4- . We propose a model in which SUR1 sensitizes the K(ATP) channel to ATP inhibition, and nucleotide hydrolysis at the nucleotide binding folds blocks this effect. MgADP and diazoxide are proposed to stabilize this desensitized state of the channel, and mutations at the nucleotide binding folds alter the response of channels to MgADP and diazoxide by altering nucleotide hydrolysis rates or the coupling of hydrolysis to channel activation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)643-654
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of General Physiology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1 1997



  • Adenosine diphosphate
  • Adenosine triphosphate
  • Diazoxide
  • Kir6.2
  • Sulfonylurea receptor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology

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