Regulation of intracellular phosphatidylinositol-4-phosphate by the Sac1 lipid phosphatase

Sabina Tahirovic, Markus Schorr, Peter Mayinger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

49 Scopus citations

Abstract

Phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate (Ptdlns(4)P) regulates diverse cellular processes, such as actin cytoskeletal organization, Golgi trafficking and vacuolar biogenesis. Synthesis and turnover of Ptdlns(4)P is mediated by a set of specific lipid kinases and phosphatases. Here we show that the polyphosphoinositide phosphatase Sac1p has a central role in compartment-specific regulation of Ptdlns(4)P. We have found that sac1Δ mutants show pleiotropic, synthetically lethal interactions with mutations in genes required for vacuolar protein sorting (Vps). Disruption of the SAC1 gene also caused a defect in the late endocytic pathway. These trafficking phenotypes correlated with a dramatic accumulation of Ptdlns(4)P at vacuolar membranes. In addition, sac1 mutants displayed elevated endoplasmic reticulum Ptdlns(4)P. The accumulation of Ptdlns(4)P at the endoplasmic reticulum and vacuole and the endocytic defect could be compensated by mutations in the Ptdlns 4-kinase Stt4p. Our results indicate that elimination of Sac1p causes accumulation of a Stt4p-specific Ptdlns(4)P pool at internal membranes which impairs late endocytic and vacuolar trafficking. We conclude that Sac1p functions in confining Ptdlns(4)P-dependent processes to specific intracellular membranes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)116-130
Number of pages15
JournalTraffic
Volume6
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2005

Keywords

  • Endoplasmic reticulum
  • Endosomes
  • Lipid phosphatase
  • Phosphoinositides
  • Sac1p
  • Vacuole

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Structural Biology
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Cell Biology

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