Regulation of insulin-like growth factor I receptor gene expression by the Wilms' tumor supressor WT1

Haim Werner, Charles T. Roberts, Frank J. Rauscher, Derek LeRoith

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    19 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    The insulin-like growth factor I receptor (IGF-I-R) has been implicated in the etiology and/or progression of Wilms' tumor, or nephroblastoma, a pediatric neoplasm of the kidney that is often associated with deletion or mutation of the WT1 tumor suppressor gene. The levels of IGF-I-R mRNA in the tumors were sixfold higher than in normal adjacent kidney tissue and were inversely correlated to the levels of WT1 mRNA, suggesting that the expression of the IGF-I-R gene is under inhibitory control by WT1. Cotransfection of an IGF-I-R promoter-luciferase reporter construct together with a WT1 expression vector resulted in a dose-dependent suppression of promoter activity. Multiple WT1 binding sites were mapped in the 5′-flanking and 5′-untranslated regions of the IGF-I-R gene using gel retardation and DNaseI footprinting assays. Thus, suppression of the IGF-I-R promoter by WT1 involves multiple interactions of its zinc finger domain with sites located both upstream and downstream of the transcription initiation site. Finally, we showed that expression of the endogenous IGF-I-R gene is decreased in G401 cells stably transfected with a WT1 expression vector. Reduction in expression of the IGF-I-R gene is associated with a decrease in a number of IGF-I-mediated biological effects. Thus, deletion or mutation of the WT1 gene in Wilms' tumor and other malignancies can result in overexpression of the receptor, with enhanced autocrine/paracrine activation by locally produced or circulating IGFs.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)111-123
    Number of pages13
    JournalJournal of Molecular Neuroscience
    Volume7
    Issue number2
    StatePublished - Dec 1 1996

    Keywords

    • Gene expression
    • IGF-I receptor
    • Transcription
    • Tumor suppressors
    • WT1
    • Wilms' tumor

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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