Regional distribution of glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD65 and GAD67) mRNA in the hypothalamus of male rhesus macaques before and after puberty

Henryk F. Urbanski, Sarina M. Rodrigues, Vasilios T. Garyfallou, Steven G. Kohama

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    20 Scopus citations


    Glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) is the rate-limiting enzyme in the γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) biosynthetic pathway, and is coded for by two mRNAs, GAD65 and GAD67. Using in situ hybridization, we examine the distribution pattern of both GAD mRNAs in the hypothalamus and thalamus of prepubertal and adult male rhesus macaques. Qualitatively, GAD65 and GAD67 mRNAs showed a similar wide, but highly specific distribution pattern, supporting the view that GABAergic neurons play an important role in modulating neuroendocrine function. However, no quantitative difference in the intensity of hybridization signal was detected between prepubertal and adult animals in any of the hypothalamic or thalamic nuclei. Therefore, although GABAergic neurons are anatomically well-placed to control the secretion of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) in primates, it is unlikely that the onset of puberty and the associated increase in GnRH secretion is triggered by a change in GAD gene transcription.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)86-91
    Number of pages6
    JournalMolecular Brain Research
    Issue number1
    StatePublished - Jun 1 1998


    • Gonadotropin-releasing hormone
    • In situ hybridization
    • γ-aminobutyric acid

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Molecular Biology
    • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience


    Dive into the research topics of 'Regional distribution of glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD<sub>65</sub> and GAD<sub>67</sub>) mRNA in the hypothalamus of male rhesus macaques before and after puberty'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this