Region-specific adaptation of apical Na/H exchangers after extensive proximal small bowel resection

Mark W. Musch, Cres Bookstein, Flavio Rocha, Alvaro Lucioni, Hongyu Ren, Janet Daniel, Yue Xie, Rebecca L. McSwine, Mrinalini C. Rao, John Alverdy, Eugene B. Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations

Abstract

After massive small bowel resection (MSBR), the remnant small intestine adapts to restore Na absorptive function. The possibility that this occurs through increases in cellular Na absorptive capacity was examined by assessing the regional effects of 50% proximal MSBR on the function and expression of the apical membrane Na/H exchangers (NHEs) NHE2 and NHE3. Morphometric analysis confirmed adaptive changes consistent with villus hypertrophy, particularly distal to the anastomosis. Villus epithelium prepared by light mucosal scrapings from 2-wk-postresected and -posttransected control rats exhibited comparable brushborder hydrolase activities, total cell protein per DNA, and villin expression but increased basolateral Na-K-ATPase activity. Parallel increases of two- to threefold in protein and mRNA abundance of NHE2 and NHE3 were observed only in ileal regions distal to the anastomosis of resected rats. Basolateral NHE1 expression was unchanged. After 80% resection, increases in NHE2 and NHE3 became evident in proximal colon. We conclude that increased enterocyte expression and function of apical membrane NHEs in regions distal to the anastomosis play a role in the adaptive process after MSBR. The increased luminal Na load to distal bowel regions after proximal resection may stimulate increases in apical membrane NHE gene transcription and protein expression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)G975-G985
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
Volume283
Issue number4 46-4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2002
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Diarrhea
  • Epithelial cell
  • Intestinal adaptation
  • Intestinal physiology
  • Intestinal surgery
  • Malabsorption
  • Sodium transport
  • Sodium/hydrogen exchange

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology
  • Physiology (medical)

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