Reduced leukemogenicity caused by mutations in the membrane glycoprotein gene of Rauscher spleen focus-forming virus

Curtis Machida, R. K. Bestwick, David Kabat

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Abstract

We isolated and characterized two spontaneous, weakly leukemogenic mutants of Rauscher spleen focus-forming virus (R-SFFV) that contain mutations in nonoverlapping regions of the membrane envelope (env) glycoprotein gene. As reported previously (M. Ruta and D. Kabat, J. Virol. 35:844-853, 1980), the replication-defective R-SFFV encodes a membrane glycoprotein with an apparent M(r) of 54,000 (gp54) which is structurally and immunologically related to the membrane envelope glycoproteins of dual-tropic murine leukemia viruses. Mutant R-SFFV clones 3-25 and 4-3 encode abnormally sized gp54-related glycoproteins with apparent M(r)s of 52,000 (gp52) and 45,000 (gp45), respectively. Northern and Southern blot analyses of the mutant R-SFFV nucleic acids indicated that an insertion has occurred in the 3-25 env gene and that a deletion has occurred in the 4-3 env gene. Furthermore, resriction endonuclease analyses and comparisons of the fragmentation patterns of the wild-type and mutant glycoproteins generated by partial proteolysis with Staphylococcus aureus V8 protease indicated that the mutations affect nonoverlapping domains of the envelope glycoprotein (amino-terminal fragment affected in 3-25 glycoprotein and carboxyl-terminal fragment affected in 4-3 glycoprotein). Glycosylation inhibition studies indicated that the reduced size of gp52 is caused at least partly by loss of an asparagine-linked oligosaccharide. In addition, these mutant viruses have dramatically reduced leukemogenicities compared with wild-type R-SFFV. We conclude that the gp54 structural gene is required for initiation or amplification of the splenic erythroblast hyperplasia which characterizes the preleukemic phase of Rauscher disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)394-402
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Virology
Volume49
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1984

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Spleen Focus-Forming Viruses
membrane glycoproteins
Membrane Glycoproteins
glycoproteins
Glycoproteins
spleen
mutation
viruses
Mutation
Genes
mutants
genes
Murine Leukemia Viruses
Erythroblasts
Endonucleases
Asparagine
Gene Deletion
Murine leukemia virus
erythroblasts
Southern Blotting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology

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Reduced leukemogenicity caused by mutations in the membrane glycoprotein gene of Rauscher spleen focus-forming virus. / Machida, Curtis; Bestwick, R. K.; Kabat, David.

In: Journal of Virology, Vol. 49, No. 2, 1984, p. 394-402.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "We isolated and characterized two spontaneous, weakly leukemogenic mutants of Rauscher spleen focus-forming virus (R-SFFV) that contain mutations in nonoverlapping regions of the membrane envelope (env) glycoprotein gene. As reported previously (M. Ruta and D. Kabat, J. Virol. 35:844-853, 1980), the replication-defective R-SFFV encodes a membrane glycoprotein with an apparent M(r) of 54,000 (gp54) which is structurally and immunologically related to the membrane envelope glycoproteins of dual-tropic murine leukemia viruses. Mutant R-SFFV clones 3-25 and 4-3 encode abnormally sized gp54-related glycoproteins with apparent M(r)s of 52,000 (gp52) and 45,000 (gp45), respectively. Northern and Southern blot analyses of the mutant R-SFFV nucleic acids indicated that an insertion has occurred in the 3-25 env gene and that a deletion has occurred in the 4-3 env gene. Furthermore, resriction endonuclease analyses and comparisons of the fragmentation patterns of the wild-type and mutant glycoproteins generated by partial proteolysis with Staphylococcus aureus V8 protease indicated that the mutations affect nonoverlapping domains of the envelope glycoprotein (amino-terminal fragment affected in 3-25 glycoprotein and carboxyl-terminal fragment affected in 4-3 glycoprotein). Glycosylation inhibition studies indicated that the reduced size of gp52 is caused at least partly by loss of an asparagine-linked oligosaccharide. In addition, these mutant viruses have dramatically reduced leukemogenicities compared with wild-type R-SFFV. We conclude that the gp54 structural gene is required for initiation or amplification of the splenic erythroblast hyperplasia which characterizes the preleukemic phase of Rauscher disease.",
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