Purpose of Review: Outcomes for older adults with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) remain poor, and allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) remains a potentially curative modality. However, benefits are offset by high rates of non-relapse mortality (NRM) in patients undergoing myeloablative conditioning (MAC) regimens. Reduced intensity conditioning (RIC) regimens can extend this therapy to adults who are unfit for MAC, although at the cost of higher relapse rates. In this review, we discuss evidence to support the usage of RIC regimens, controversies, and potential strategies to improve transplant outcomes going forward. Recent Findings: Several novel therapies have recently been approved for the treatment of relapsed ALL and may play an important role in bridging adults with residual disease to RIC transplant. Assessing response to initial therapy via minimal residual disease (MRD) monitoring may determine which patients will derive the most benefit from allogeneic HSCT. Summary: Reduced intensity allogeneic HSCT remains a potentially curative therapy that can be offered to older adults however challenges remain. Going forward, MRD testing and novel therapies may help better select which patients should proceed to transplant and assist in getting those patients to transplant with optimally controlled disease.
- Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL)
- Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT)
- Reduced intensity conditioning (RIC)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research