Red blood cell transfusion and outcomes in patients with acute lung injury, sepsis and shock

Elizabeth C. Parsons, Catherine L. Hough, Christopher W. Seymour, Colin R. Cooke, Gordon D. Rubenfeld, Timothy R. Watkins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: In this study, we sought to determine the association between red blood cell (RBC) transfusion and outcomes in patients with acute lung injury (ALI), sepsis and shock.Methods: We performed a secondary analysis of new-onset ALI patients enrolled in the Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Network Fluid and Catheter Treatment Trial (2000 to 2005) who had a documented ALI risk factor of sepsis or pneumonia and met shock criteria (mean arterial pressure (MAP) < 60 mmHg or vasopressor use) within 24 hours of randomization. Using multivariable logistic regression, we examined the association between RBC transfusion and 28-day mortality after adjustment for age, sex, race, randomization arm and Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation III score. Secondary end points included 90-day mortality and ventilator-free days (VFDs). Finally, we examined these end points among the subset of subjects meeting prespecified transfusion criteria defined by five simultaneous indicators: hemoglobin < 10.2 g/dL, central or mixed venous oxygen saturation < 70%, central venous pressure ≥ 8 mmHg, MAP ≥ 65 mmHg, and vasopressor use.Results: We identified 285 subjects with ALI, sepsis, shock and transfusion data. Of these, 85 also met the above prespecified transfusion criteria. Fifty-three (19%) of the two hundred eighty-five subjects with shock and twenty (24%) of the subset meeting the transfusion criteria received RBC transfusion within twenty-four hours of randomization. We found no independent association between RBC transfusion and 28-day mortality (odds ratio = 1.49, 95% CI (95% confidence interval) = 0.77 to 2.90; P = 0.23) or VFDs (mean difference = -0.35, 95% CI = -4.03 to 3.32; P = 0.85). Likewise, 90-day mortality and VFDs did not differ by transfusion status. Among the subset of patients meeting the transfusion criteria, we found no independent association between transfusion and mortality or VFDs.Conclusions: In patients with new-onset ALI, sepsis and shock, we found no independent association between RBC transfusion and mortality or VFDs. The physiological criteria did not identify patients more likely to be transfused or to benefit from transfusion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberR221
JournalCritical Care
Volume15
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 21 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adult therapy
  • Artificial
  • Erythrocyte transfusion
  • Intensive care unit
  • Respiration
  • Respiratory distress syndrome
  • Sepsis therapy
  • Treatment outcome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

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