Recurrent Sinopulmonary Infections in a Patient Whose HIV Masked Common Variable Immunodeficiency

D. Gollapudi, M. O’Donnell, M. NeSmith, K. Kent, A. J. Hunter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

It is generally accepted that persons infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are at an increased risk of infection due to direct destruction of CD4+ lymphocytes and subsequently impaired cell-mediated immunity. Typically, HIV infection is associated with immunoglobulin elevations, but quantitative deficiencies in immunoglobulins have also been rarely described. We present an unusual case of common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) in a HIV-positive patient with recurrent severe respiratory infections. We review epidemiology, clinical presentation, and treatment of primary immunoglobulin deficiency. We also review the relationship between immunoglobulin deficiency and HIV and highlight the importance of recognizing the coexistence of two distinct immunodeficiency syndromes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)341-344
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of general internal medicine
Volume35
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2020

Keywords

  • HIV/AIDS
  • diagnosis
  • immunology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine

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