Recovery of Kidney Dysfunction After Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation (from the Northern New England Cardiovascular Disease Study Group)

Amir Azarbal, David J. Malenka, Yi Ling Huang, Cathy S. Ross, Richard J. Solomon, James T. DeVries, James M. Flynn, David Butzel, Matthew McKay, Harold L. Dauerman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Acute Kidney Recovery (AKR) is a potential benefit of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). We determined the incidence and predictors of AKR in a multicenter prospective registry of TAVI. After excluding patients on dialysis or who died within 48 hours postprocedure, we reviewed 1,502 consecutive patients underwent TAVI in Northern New England from 2012 to 2017. Patients were categorized into 3 groups based on the change in postprocedure estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR): Acute Kidney Injury (AKI, decrease in eGFR >25%), AKR (increase in eGFR >25%) or no change in kidney function on discharge creatinine following TAVI. We then focused in patients with baseline chronic kidney disease (CKD defined as eGFR ≤60 ml/min; n = 755) and developed multivariate predictor models to determine the clinical and procedural variables associated with AKR. For the TAVI cohort (n = 1,502), the overall incidence of AKR was 17.8%. AKR was threefold higher in patients with eGFR ≤60 ml/min as compared to those with eGFR >60 ml/min (26.6% vs 8.9%, p < 0.001). In the CKD population, hospital complications were similar among patients with no change in renal function and AKR; patients with AKI had a higher rate of hospital mortality, pacemaker implantation, length of hospitalization, and transfusions. Using multivariable logistic regression, moderate to severe lung disease, eGFR < 50 ml/min and previous aortic valve surgery were found to be independent predictors of AKR. Patients with diabetes mellitus, baseline anemia, and Society of thoracic surgeons score >6.1 were less likely to develop AKR. In conclusion, AKR occurred in 1 of 4 of all TAVI patients with baseline CKD and was a more frequent phenomena than AKI. Patients with decreased lung function, previous aortic valve surgery and worse baseline renal function were more likely to demonstrate AKR, whereas patients with diabetes mellitus, baseline anemia, and higher Society of thoracic risk scores were less likely to see improvements in renal function after TAVI.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)426-433
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Cardiology
Volume123
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2019
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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