Reconciling the role of vascular endothelial growth factor-targeted therapies in adjuvant renal cell carcinoma treatment

Won Kim, Mamta Parikh, Christopher Ryan, Primo Lara

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

    Abstract

    Up to 40% of patients with high risk, localized RCC will relapse after nephrectomy and are at risk of eventually succumbing to the disease. Historically, phase 3 clinical trials failed to demonstrate meaningful benefit of adjuvant therapy in RCC, likely because these early trials used treatments that did not demonstrate meaningful clinical efficacy in mRCC. However, the clear clinical activity demonstrated by VEGF-TKIs in mRCC patients renewed the promise of adjuvant therapy. ASSURE, S-TRAC, and PROTECT are the first three trials to examine the clinical efficacy of 1 year of adjuvant VEGF-TKI therapy in patients with high-risk RCC following nephrectomy. In this review we reconcile the results of these studies and explore the future of adjuvant RCC therapy.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)95-102
    Number of pages8
    JournalKidney Cancer
    Volume2
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 2018

    Keywords

    • Adjuvant therapy
    • Kidney cancer
    • Tyrosine kinase inhibitors

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Nephrology
    • Oncology

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