Recombinant T Cell Receptor Ligands: Immunomodulatory, Neuroprotective and Neuroregenerative Effects Suggest Application as Therapy for Multiple Sclerosis

Haiina Offner, Sushmita Sinha, Chunhe Wang, Arthur A. Vandenbark, Haiina Offner, Sushmita Sinha, Chunhe Wang, Gregory G. Burrows, Arthur A. Vandenbark, Haiina Offner, Arthur A. Vandenbark, Haiina Offner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Scopus citations


Recombinant ? cell receptor (TCR) ligands (RTL) represent the minimal interactive surface with antigen-specific ? cell receptors. These novel constructs fold similarly to native four domain MHC/peptide complexes but deliver suboptimal and qualitatively different signals that cause a ‘cytokine switch’ to anti-inflam matory factors in targeted encephalitogenic ? cells. RTL treatment can reverse clinical and histological signs of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) and most dramatically can promote myelin and axonal recovery in the CNS of mice with chronic disease. These properties of RTL suggest that this novel antigen-specific approach may hold unusual promise as a therapy for multiple sclerosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)327-340
Number of pages14
JournalReviews in the Neurosciences
Issue number4-5
StatePublished - Oct 2008



  • RTL
  • experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis
  • immunomodulation
  • multiple sclerosis
  • neuroprotection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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