Recombinant ? cell receptor (TCR) ligands (RTL) represent the minimal interactive surface with antigen-specific ? cell receptors. These novel constructs fold similarly to native four domain MHC/peptide complexes but deliver suboptimal and qualitatively different signals that cause a ‘cytokine switch’ to anti-inflam matory factors in targeted encephalitogenic ? cells. RTL treatment can reverse clinical and histological signs of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) and most dramatically can promote myelin and axonal recovery in the CNS of mice with chronic disease. These properties of RTL suggest that this novel antigen-specific approach may hold unusual promise as a therapy for multiple sclerosis.
- experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis
- multiple sclerosis
ASJC Scopus subject areas