Recombinant murine and human IL 1α bind to human endothelial cells with an equal affinity, but have an unequal ability to induce endothelial cell adherence of lymphocytes

T. R. Thieme, S. H. Hefeneider, C. R. Wagner, D. R. Burger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

Consistent with the reports of others, we have demonstrated that human peripheral blood lymphocytes adhere to cultured human umbilical vein-derived endothelial cells (EC) in vitro. In our studies adherence was increased twofold to threefold by a 6-hr preincubation of the EC with IL 1. Recombinant human IL 1α induced a maximal adherence response at less than 1 U per 2 x 104 EC. In contrast, recombinant murine IL 1α was found to be 250- to 1250-fold less active in the adherence assay, based on units of IL 1 activity defined by the murine thymocyte proliferation assay. Moreover, when EC were preincubated with excess murine IL 1, no inhibition of the adherence-inducing effect of human IL 1 was noted. To characterize further this dichotomy of biological potency of murine and human IL 1 on the adherence assay, IL 1 binding studies were initiated. Recombinant human and murine IL 1α were equally effective in inhibiting the binding of 125I-labeled human and murine IL 1, based on both micrograms of protein and units of IL 1 activity. The results of this study demonstrate that although human and murine IL 1 bind with equal affinity to receptors on human EC, human IL 1 is significantly more potent at inducing the increased EC adhesiveness for lymphocytes. The implications of these results for endothelial cell IL 1 receptor function are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1173-1178
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume139
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jan 1 1987

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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