Recombinant bacteria are useful vectors for delivering foreign antigens to muscosal surfaces and may elicit immune protection against sexually- transmitted pathogens. Recombinant, attenuated Salmonella typhimurium expressing the Simian Immunodeficiency Virus capsid protein (p27) were given to rhesus macaques by intragastric intubation. This route of immunization was compared with intramuscular injection of soluble p27 in adjuvant, and with immunization protocols that combined intragastric and intramuscular antigen exposures. Recombinant Salmonella stimulated p27-specific lymphoproliferative responses that were present transiently in peripheral blood, and were recalled easily by booster immunizations. Intramuscular p27 injection elicited strong serum antibody responses, but only low level capsid-specific proliferative responses. Recombinant Salmonella immunization elicited low levels of p27-specific antibodies in serum and did not suppress subsequent responses to parenteral immunization. Intragastric immunization of macaques with recombinant Salmonella typhimurium was safe and induced immune responses specific for the expressed, foreign antigen.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine
- Immunology and Microbiology(all)
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
- Infectious Diseases