Recidivism and resilience in juvenile sexual offenders: An analysis of the literature

Jill Efta-Breitbach, Kurt A. Freeman

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

18 Scopus citations


The majority of research that exists studying juvenile sex offenders (JSOs) is dominated by the predilection that identifying risk factors associated with recidivism will benefit both the JSOs and treatment providers. Further, the majority of existing treatments are guided by research that has identified what makes JSOs more likely to reoffend. Absent from the majority of the literature is an examination of the strengths and positive characteristics demonstrated by JSOs that may prove useful in both reducing recidivism and increasing the likelihood of achieving positive outcomes (i.e., demonstrating resilience). Research examining known risk factors for sexual and nonsexual recidivism is described. Next, literature on resilience is reviewed, followed by a discussion of this literature in the context of treatment for JSOs. Finally, future directions of research are presented.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)257-279
Number of pages23
JournalJournal of Child Sexual Abuse
Issue number3-4
StatePublished - May 9 2005


  • Juveniles
  • Recidivism
  • Resilience
  • Sexual offending
  • Treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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