Recent trends in outpatient antibiotic use in children

Louise Vaz, Kenneth P. Kleinman, Marsha A. Raebel, James D. Nordin, Matthew D. Lakoma, M. Maya Dutta-Linn, Jonathan A. Finkelstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

95 Scopus citations


OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to determine changes in antibiotic-dispensing rates among children in 3 health plans located in New England [A], the Mountain West [B], and the Midwest [C] regions of the United States. METHODS: Pharmacy and outpatient claims from September 2000 to August 2010 were used to calculate rates of antibiotic dispensing per person-year for children aged 3 months to 18 years. Differences in rates by year, diagnosis, and health plan were tested by using Poisson regression. The data were analyzed to determine whether there was a change in the rate of decline over time. RESULTS: Antibiotic use in the 3- to

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)375-385
Number of pages11
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes



  • Antibiotics
  • Otitis media
  • Respiratory tract infections

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Vaz, L., Kleinman, K. P., Raebel, M. A., Nordin, J. D., Lakoma, M. D., Dutta-Linn, M. M., & Finkelstein, J. A. (2014). Recent trends in outpatient antibiotic use in children. Pediatrics, 133(3), 375-385.