Real-time 3-dimensional Doppler echocardiography for the assessment of stroke volume: An in vivo human study compared with standard 2-dimensional echocardiography

James Pemberton, Xiaokui Li, Antoinette Kenny, Crispin H. Davies, Mary S. Minette, David J. Sahn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

42 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Invasive monitors and noninvasive 2-dimensional echocardiography are the standard clinical methods for stroke volume (SV) and cardiac output computation. We studied the use of real-time color Doppler 3-dimensional (3D) echocardiography (3DE) for the assessment of SV in human beings. Methods: In all, 55 pediatric and adult patients with good transthoracic windows and a normal aortic valve were studied. Real-time 3DE color Doppler volumes incorporating the left ventricular outflow tract and aortic valve were taken. SV was calculated from the color Doppler data in the 3DE DICOM dataset. This was compared with 2-dimensional echocardiography SV calculation from the pulsed wave velocity through the aortic valve along with the left ventricular outflow tract diameter. Results: Five patients were excluded because of mismatching of the 3D color Doppler segments in the 3D volume. The 3D Doppler volumes from the remaining 50 patients were analyzed. There was good correlation between the patients' averaged 3DE SV calculations and the 2-dimensional echocardiography pulsed wave SV estimation (y = 0.84x + 7.8, r2 = 0.90). Conclusion: Real-time 3D Doppler echocardiography can be used to accurately calculate SV and cardiac output, compared with conventional pulsed Doppler measurement, in pediatric and adult patients from transthoracic imaging.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1030-1036
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the American Society of Echocardiography
Volume18
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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