Rat cytomegalovirus virion-associated proteins R131 and R129 are necessary for infection of macrophages and dendritic cells

Iris K.A. Jones, Nicole N. Haese, Philippe Gatault, Zachary J. Streblow, Takeshi F. Andoh, Michael Denton, Cassilyn E. Streblow, Kiley Bonin, Craig N. Kreklywich, Jennifer M. Burg, Susan L. Orloff, Daniel N. Streblow

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) establishes persistent, latent infection in hosts, causing diseases in immunocompromised patients, transplant recipients, and neonates. CMV infection modifies the host chemokine axis by modulating chemokine and chemokine receptor expression and by encoding putative chemokine and chemokine receptor homologues. The viral proteins have roles in cellular signaling, migration, and transformation, as well as viral dissemination, tropism, latency and reactivation. Herein, we review the contribution of CMV-encoded chemokines and chemokine receptors to these processes, and further elucidate the viral tropism role of rat CMV (RCMV) R129 and R131. These homologues of the human CMV (HCMV)-encoded chemokines UL128 and UL130 are of particular interest because of their dual role as chemokines and members of the pentameric entry complex, which is required for entry into cell types that are essential for viral transmission and dissemination. The contributions of UL128 and UL130 to acceleration of solid organ transplant chronic rejection are poorly understood, and are in need of an effective in vivo model system to elucidate the phenomenon. We demonstrated similar molecular entry requirements for R129 and R131 in the rat cells, as observed for HCMV, and provided evidence that R129 and R131 are part of the viral entry complex required for entry into macrophages, dendritic cells, and bone marrow cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number963
Pages (from-to)1-24
Number of pages24
JournalPathogens
Volume9
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2020

Keywords

  • Chemokine receptors
  • Chemokines
  • Cytomegalovirus
  • Dendritic cells
  • Dissemination
  • Viral entry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Molecular Biology
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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