An overnight assay, based on staining cytomegalovirus-infected cells with monoclonal antibody to the 72,000-molecular-weight major immediate-early viral protein, was compared with a conventional 14-day plaque assay for quantitation of cell-free stocks of cytomegalovirus laboratory strain AD-169 and 20 other clinical strains. Viral titers were quantitatively similar when determined by either method, but centrifugation of monolayers during inoculation enhanced viral infectivity an average of 4.1-fold. When used for scoring neutralizing antibody assays, monoclonal staining yielded titers within one dilution of 14-day plaque-reduction assays in 54 of 56 titrations. Of 21 cytomegalovirus strains, 2 were not recognized by the monoclonal antibody used. Assay with monoclonal antibody offers a rapid and accurate alternative to plaque assay for quantitation or neutralization of cytomegalovirus.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Microbiology (medical)