Rapid human chromosome aberration analysis using fluorescence in situ hybridization

J. N. Lucas, T. Tenjin, T. Straume, D. Pinkel, D. Moore, M. Litt, J. W. Gray

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

174 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have used in situ hybridization of repeat-sequence DNA probes, specific to the paracentromeric locus 1q12 and the telomeric locus 1p36, to fluorescently stain regions that flank human chromosome 1p. This procedure was used for fast detection of structural aberrations involving human chromosome 1p in two separate experiments. In one, human lymphocytes were irradiated with 0, 0·8, 1·6, 2·4 and 3·2 Gy of 137Cs γrays. In the other, human lymphocytes were irradiated with 0, 0·09, 0·18, 2·0, 3·1 and 4·1 Gy of 60Co γrays. The frequencies (per cell) of translocations and dicentrics with one breakpoint in 1p and one elsewhere in the genome were determined for cells irradiated at each dose point. These frequencies both increased with dose, D, in a linear-quadratic manner. The δ α and β coefficients resulting from a fit of the equation f(D) = δ + αD + βD2 to the translocation frequency dose-response data were 0·0025, 0·0027 and 0·0037 for 137Cs γrays, and 0·0010, 0·0041, and 0·0057 for 60Co γrays. The δ α and β coefficients resulting from a fit to the dicentric frequency dose-response data were 0·0005, 0·0010 and 0·0028 for 137Cs γrays and 0·0001, 0·0002 and 0·0035, for 60Co γrays. Approximately 32,000 metaphase spreads were scored in this study. The average analysis rate was over two metaphase spreads per minute. However, an experienced analyst was able to find and score one metaphase spread every 10 s. The importance of this new cytogenetic analysis technique for biological dosimetry and in vivo risk assessment is discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)35-44
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Radiation Biology
Volume56
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1989

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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