The adaptive unfolded protein response (UPR) is essential for the development of antibody-secreting plasma cells. B cells induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) to differentiate into plasma cells exhibit a nonclassical UPR reported to anticipate endoplasmic reticulum stress prior to immunoglobulin production. Here we demonstrate that activation of a physiologic UPR is not limited to cells undergoing secretory cell differentiation. We identify B cell receptor (BCR) signaling as an unexpected physiologic UPR trigger and demonstrate that in mature B cells, BCR stimulation induces a short lived UPR similar to the LPS-triggered nonclassical UPR. However, unlike LPS, BCR stimulation does not induce plasma cell differentiation. Furthermore, the BCR-induced UPR is not limited to cells in which BCR induces activation, since a UPR is also induced in transitional immature B cells that respond to BCR stimulation with a rapid apoptotic fate. This response involves sustained up-regulation of Chop mRNA indicative of a terminal UPR. Whereas sustained Chop expression correlates with the ultimate fate of the BCR-triggered B cell and not its developmental stage, Chop-/- B cells undergo apoptosis, indicating that CHOP is not required for this process. These studies establish a system whereby a terminal or adaptive UPR can be alternatively triggered by physiologic stimuli.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - Dec 2 2005|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology