Randomized multi-site trial of the Job Seekers' Workshop in patients with substance use disorders

Dace S. Svikis, Lori Keyser-Marcus, Maxine Stitzer, Traci Rieckmann, Lauretta Safford, Peter Loeb, Tim Allen, Carol Luna-Anderson, Sudie E. Back, Judith Cohen, Michael A. DeBernardi, Bruce Dillard, Alyssa Forcehimes, William Jaffee, Therese Killeen, Ken Kolodner, Michael Levy, Diane Pallas, Harold I. Perl, Jennifer Sharpe PotterScott Provost, Karen Reese, Royce R. Sampson, Allison Sepulveda, Ned Snead, Conrad J. Wong, Joan Zweben

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Unemployment is associated with negative outcomes both during and after drug abuse treatment. Interventions designed to increase rates of employment may also improve drug abuse treatment outcomes. The purpose of this multi-site clinical trial was to evaluate the Job Seekers' Workshop (JSW), a three session, manualized program designed to train patients in the skills needed to find and secure a job. Method: Study participants were recruited through the NIDA Clinical Trials Network (CTN) from six psychosocial counseling (n = 327) and five methadone maintenance (n = 301) drug treatment programs. Participants were randomly assigned to either standard care (program-specific services plus brochure with local employment resources) (SC) or standard care plus JSW. Three 4-h small group JSW sessions were offered weekly by trained JSW facilitators with ongoing fidelity monitoring. Results: JSW and SC participants had similar 12- and 24-week results for the primary outcome measure (i.e., obtaining a new taxed job or enrollment in a training program). Specifically, one-fifth of participants at 12. weeks (20.1-24.3%) and nearly one-third at 24. weeks (31.4-31.9%) had positive outcomes, with "obtaining a new taxed job" accounting for the majority of cases. Conclusion: JSW group participants did not have higher rates of employment/training than SC controls. Rates of job acquisition were modest for both groups, suggesting more intensive interventions may be needed. Alternate targets (e.g., enhancing patient motivation, training in job-specific skills) warrant further study as well.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)55-64
Number of pages10
JournalDrug and Alcohol Dependence
Volume120
Issue number1-3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2012

Fingerprint

Drug therapy
Workplace
Substance-Related Disorders
Education
Methadone
Clinical Trials
Monitoring
Pamphlets
Unemployment
Motivation
Counseling
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Therapeutics
Pharmaceutical Preparations

Keywords

  • Employment
  • Substance use disorders
  • Translational research
  • Treatment
  • Vocational rehabilitation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Toxicology
  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

Cite this

Svikis, D. S., Keyser-Marcus, L., Stitzer, M., Rieckmann, T., Safford, L., Loeb, P., ... Zweben, J. (2012). Randomized multi-site trial of the Job Seekers' Workshop in patients with substance use disorders. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 120(1-3), 55-64. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2011.06.024

Randomized multi-site trial of the Job Seekers' Workshop in patients with substance use disorders. / Svikis, Dace S.; Keyser-Marcus, Lori; Stitzer, Maxine; Rieckmann, Traci; Safford, Lauretta; Loeb, Peter; Allen, Tim; Luna-Anderson, Carol; Back, Sudie E.; Cohen, Judith; DeBernardi, Michael A.; Dillard, Bruce; Forcehimes, Alyssa; Jaffee, William; Killeen, Therese; Kolodner, Ken; Levy, Michael; Pallas, Diane; Perl, Harold I.; Potter, Jennifer Sharpe; Provost, Scott; Reese, Karen; Sampson, Royce R.; Sepulveda, Allison; Snead, Ned; Wong, Conrad J.; Zweben, Joan.

In: Drug and Alcohol Dependence, Vol. 120, No. 1-3, 01.01.2012, p. 55-64.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Svikis, DS, Keyser-Marcus, L, Stitzer, M, Rieckmann, T, Safford, L, Loeb, P, Allen, T, Luna-Anderson, C, Back, SE, Cohen, J, DeBernardi, MA, Dillard, B, Forcehimes, A, Jaffee, W, Killeen, T, Kolodner, K, Levy, M, Pallas, D, Perl, HI, Potter, JS, Provost, S, Reese, K, Sampson, RR, Sepulveda, A, Snead, N, Wong, CJ & Zweben, J 2012, 'Randomized multi-site trial of the Job Seekers' Workshop in patients with substance use disorders', Drug and Alcohol Dependence, vol. 120, no. 1-3, pp. 55-64. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2011.06.024
Svikis, Dace S. ; Keyser-Marcus, Lori ; Stitzer, Maxine ; Rieckmann, Traci ; Safford, Lauretta ; Loeb, Peter ; Allen, Tim ; Luna-Anderson, Carol ; Back, Sudie E. ; Cohen, Judith ; DeBernardi, Michael A. ; Dillard, Bruce ; Forcehimes, Alyssa ; Jaffee, William ; Killeen, Therese ; Kolodner, Ken ; Levy, Michael ; Pallas, Diane ; Perl, Harold I. ; Potter, Jennifer Sharpe ; Provost, Scott ; Reese, Karen ; Sampson, Royce R. ; Sepulveda, Allison ; Snead, Ned ; Wong, Conrad J. ; Zweben, Joan. / Randomized multi-site trial of the Job Seekers' Workshop in patients with substance use disorders. In: Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 2012 ; Vol. 120, No. 1-3. pp. 55-64.
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AU - Rieckmann, Traci

AU - Safford, Lauretta

AU - Loeb, Peter

AU - Allen, Tim

AU - Luna-Anderson, Carol

AU - Back, Sudie E.

AU - Cohen, Judith

AU - DeBernardi, Michael A.

AU - Dillard, Bruce

AU - Forcehimes, Alyssa

AU - Jaffee, William

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AU - Kolodner, Ken

AU - Levy, Michael

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AU - Potter, Jennifer Sharpe

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AU - Reese, Karen

AU - Sampson, Royce R.

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