Randomized Controlled Trial of Online Expressive Writing to Address Readjustment Difficulties Among U.S. Afghanistan and Iraq War Veterans

Nina A. Sayer, Siamak Noorbaloochi, Patricia A. Frazier, James W. Pennebaker, Robert J. Orazem, Paula P. Schnurr, Maureen Murdoch, Kathleen Carlson, Amy Gravely, Brett T. Litz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We examined the efficacy of a brief, accessible, nonstigmatizing online intervention-writing expressively about transitioning to civilian life. U.S. Afghanistan and Iraq war veterans with self-reported reintegration difficulty (N = 1,292, 39.3% female, M = 36.87, SD = 9.78 years) were randomly assigned to expressive writing (n = 508), factual control writing (n = 507), or no writing (n = 277). Using intention to treat, generalized linear mixed models demonstrated that 6-months postintervention, veterans who wrote expressively experienced greater reductions in physical complaints, anger, and distress compared with veterans who wrote factually (ds = 0.13 to 0.20; ps

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)381-390
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Traumatic Stress
Volume28
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2015

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Afghanistan
Iraq
Veterans
Randomized Controlled Trials
Anger
Linear Models
Warfare

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

Sayer, N. A., Noorbaloochi, S., Frazier, P. A., Pennebaker, J. W., Orazem, R. J., Schnurr, P. P., ... Litz, B. T. (2015). Randomized Controlled Trial of Online Expressive Writing to Address Readjustment Difficulties Among U.S. Afghanistan and Iraq War Veterans. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 28(5), 381-390. https://doi.org/10.1002/jts.22047

Randomized Controlled Trial of Online Expressive Writing to Address Readjustment Difficulties Among U.S. Afghanistan and Iraq War Veterans. / Sayer, Nina A.; Noorbaloochi, Siamak; Frazier, Patricia A.; Pennebaker, James W.; Orazem, Robert J.; Schnurr, Paula P.; Murdoch, Maureen; Carlson, Kathleen; Gravely, Amy; Litz, Brett T.

In: Journal of Traumatic Stress, Vol. 28, No. 5, 01.10.2015, p. 381-390.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sayer, NA, Noorbaloochi, S, Frazier, PA, Pennebaker, JW, Orazem, RJ, Schnurr, PP, Murdoch, M, Carlson, K, Gravely, A & Litz, BT 2015, 'Randomized Controlled Trial of Online Expressive Writing to Address Readjustment Difficulties Among U.S. Afghanistan and Iraq War Veterans', Journal of Traumatic Stress, vol. 28, no. 5, pp. 381-390. https://doi.org/10.1002/jts.22047
Sayer, Nina A. ; Noorbaloochi, Siamak ; Frazier, Patricia A. ; Pennebaker, James W. ; Orazem, Robert J. ; Schnurr, Paula P. ; Murdoch, Maureen ; Carlson, Kathleen ; Gravely, Amy ; Litz, Brett T. / Randomized Controlled Trial of Online Expressive Writing to Address Readjustment Difficulties Among U.S. Afghanistan and Iraq War Veterans. In: Journal of Traumatic Stress. 2015 ; Vol. 28, No. 5. pp. 381-390.
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