Radiological appearances of corpus luteum cysts and their imaging mimics

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To review the radiological appearances of corpus luteum cysts and their imaging mimics. Conclusion: Corpus luteum cysts are normal post-ovulatory structures seen in the ovaries through the second half of the menstrual cycle and the first trimester of pregnancy. The typical appearance, across all modalities, is of a 1- to 3-cm cyst with a thick crenulated vascularized wall. Occasionally, similar imaging findings may be seen with endometrioma, ectopic pregnancy, tuboovarian abscess, red degeneration of a fibroid, and ovarian neoplasia. In most cases, imaging findings are distinctive and allow for a confident and accurate diagnosis that provides reassurance for patients and referring physicians and avoids costly unnecessary follow-up.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalAbdominal Radiology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jul 29 2016

Keywords

  • Corpus luteum
  • CT
  • MRI
  • Ovary
  • Ultrasound

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Gastroenterology
  • Urology
  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology

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