Racial/ethnic disparities in obstetric outcomes and care: prevalence and determinants

Allison S. Bryant, Ayaba Worjoloh, Aaron B. Caughey, A. Eugene Washington

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

301 Scopus citations

Abstract

Wide disparities in obstetric outcomes exist between women of different race/ethnicities. The prevalence of preterm birth, fetal growth restriction, fetal demise, maternal mortality, and inadequate receipt of prenatal care all vary by maternal race/ethnicity. These disparities have their roots in maternal health behaviors, genetics, the physical and social environments, and access to and quality of health care. Elimination of the health inequities because of sociocultural differences or access to or quality of health care will require a multidisciplinary approach. We aim to describe these obstetric disparities, with an eye toward potential etiologies, thereby improving our ability to target appropriate solutions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)335-343
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican journal of obstetrics and gynecology
Volume202
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2010

Keywords

  • disparities
  • maternal mortality
  • obstetric care
  • preterm birth
  • race/ethnicity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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