Racial and ethnic differences in hypertension risk: New diagnoses after age 50

Ana Quinones, Jersey Liang, Wen Ye

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: Our study examines the differences in estimated risk of developing hypertension in Whites, Blacks, and Mexican- Americans aged ≥50 for a period of 11 years. Design, Setting, and Participants: Data came from 9,259 respondents who reported being hypertension-free at the baseline in the Health and Retirement Study (HRS) with up to five time intervals (1998-2006). Discrete-time survival models were used to analyze ethnic variations in the probability of developing hypertension. Main Outcome Measure: Estimated odds of developing hypertension. Results: The risk of newly diagnosed hypertension increased between 1995 and 2006 for HRS participants aged ≥50. After adjusting for demographic and health status, the probability of incident hypertension among Black Americans was .10 during the period of 1995/96-1998, which increased steadily to .17 in 2004-2006, with cumulative incidence over the 11-year period at 51%. In contrast, among White Americans the risk was .07 during 1995/96-1998 and .13 in 2004-2006, with cumulative incidence at 43%. For Mexican-Americans, the probability also increased from .08 during 1995/96-1998 to .14 during 2004-2006, with cumulative incidence at 42%. Conclusions: Relative to White and Mexican-Americans, Black Americans had an elevated risk of incident hypertension throughout the 11-year period of observation. These variations persisted even when differences in health behaviors, socioeconomic status, demographic, and time-varying health characteristics were accounted for.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)175-180
Number of pages6
JournalEthnicity and Disease
Volume22
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 2012

Fingerprint

Hypertension
Retirement
Incidence
Health
Demography
Health Behavior
Social Class
Health Status
Observation
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)

Keywords

  • Discrete-time survival analysis
  • Ethnic differences
  • Hypertension incidence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Racial and ethnic differences in hypertension risk : New diagnoses after age 50. / Quinones, Ana; Liang, Jersey; Ye, Wen.

In: Ethnicity and Disease, Vol. 22, No. 2, 03.2012, p. 175-180.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{9a8e9c2ceafe4b9389e41c114cb4c345,
title = "Racial and ethnic differences in hypertension risk: New diagnoses after age 50",
abstract = "Objectives: Our study examines the differences in estimated risk of developing hypertension in Whites, Blacks, and Mexican- Americans aged ≥50 for a period of 11 years. Design, Setting, and Participants: Data came from 9,259 respondents who reported being hypertension-free at the baseline in the Health and Retirement Study (HRS) with up to five time intervals (1998-2006). Discrete-time survival models were used to analyze ethnic variations in the probability of developing hypertension. Main Outcome Measure: Estimated odds of developing hypertension. Results: The risk of newly diagnosed hypertension increased between 1995 and 2006 for HRS participants aged ≥50. After adjusting for demographic and health status, the probability of incident hypertension among Black Americans was .10 during the period of 1995/96-1998, which increased steadily to .17 in 2004-2006, with cumulative incidence over the 11-year period at 51{\%}. In contrast, among White Americans the risk was .07 during 1995/96-1998 and .13 in 2004-2006, with cumulative incidence at 43{\%}. For Mexican-Americans, the probability also increased from .08 during 1995/96-1998 to .14 during 2004-2006, with cumulative incidence at 42{\%}. Conclusions: Relative to White and Mexican-Americans, Black Americans had an elevated risk of incident hypertension throughout the 11-year period of observation. These variations persisted even when differences in health behaviors, socioeconomic status, demographic, and time-varying health characteristics were accounted for.",
keywords = "Discrete-time survival analysis, Ethnic differences, Hypertension incidence",
author = "Ana Quinones and Jersey Liang and Wen Ye",
year = "2012",
month = "3",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "22",
pages = "175--180",
journal = "Ethnicity and Disease",
issn = "1049-510X",
publisher = "ISHIB",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Racial and ethnic differences in hypertension risk

T2 - New diagnoses after age 50

AU - Quinones, Ana

AU - Liang, Jersey

AU - Ye, Wen

PY - 2012/3

Y1 - 2012/3

N2 - Objectives: Our study examines the differences in estimated risk of developing hypertension in Whites, Blacks, and Mexican- Americans aged ≥50 for a period of 11 years. Design, Setting, and Participants: Data came from 9,259 respondents who reported being hypertension-free at the baseline in the Health and Retirement Study (HRS) with up to five time intervals (1998-2006). Discrete-time survival models were used to analyze ethnic variations in the probability of developing hypertension. Main Outcome Measure: Estimated odds of developing hypertension. Results: The risk of newly diagnosed hypertension increased between 1995 and 2006 for HRS participants aged ≥50. After adjusting for demographic and health status, the probability of incident hypertension among Black Americans was .10 during the period of 1995/96-1998, which increased steadily to .17 in 2004-2006, with cumulative incidence over the 11-year period at 51%. In contrast, among White Americans the risk was .07 during 1995/96-1998 and .13 in 2004-2006, with cumulative incidence at 43%. For Mexican-Americans, the probability also increased from .08 during 1995/96-1998 to .14 during 2004-2006, with cumulative incidence at 42%. Conclusions: Relative to White and Mexican-Americans, Black Americans had an elevated risk of incident hypertension throughout the 11-year period of observation. These variations persisted even when differences in health behaviors, socioeconomic status, demographic, and time-varying health characteristics were accounted for.

AB - Objectives: Our study examines the differences in estimated risk of developing hypertension in Whites, Blacks, and Mexican- Americans aged ≥50 for a period of 11 years. Design, Setting, and Participants: Data came from 9,259 respondents who reported being hypertension-free at the baseline in the Health and Retirement Study (HRS) with up to five time intervals (1998-2006). Discrete-time survival models were used to analyze ethnic variations in the probability of developing hypertension. Main Outcome Measure: Estimated odds of developing hypertension. Results: The risk of newly diagnosed hypertension increased between 1995 and 2006 for HRS participants aged ≥50. After adjusting for demographic and health status, the probability of incident hypertension among Black Americans was .10 during the period of 1995/96-1998, which increased steadily to .17 in 2004-2006, with cumulative incidence over the 11-year period at 51%. In contrast, among White Americans the risk was .07 during 1995/96-1998 and .13 in 2004-2006, with cumulative incidence at 43%. For Mexican-Americans, the probability also increased from .08 during 1995/96-1998 to .14 during 2004-2006, with cumulative incidence at 42%. Conclusions: Relative to White and Mexican-Americans, Black Americans had an elevated risk of incident hypertension throughout the 11-year period of observation. These variations persisted even when differences in health behaviors, socioeconomic status, demographic, and time-varying health characteristics were accounted for.

KW - Discrete-time survival analysis

KW - Ethnic differences

KW - Hypertension incidence

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84862231040&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84862231040&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 22764639

AN - SCOPUS:84862231040

VL - 22

SP - 175

EP - 180

JO - Ethnicity and Disease

JF - Ethnicity and Disease

SN - 1049-510X

IS - 2

ER -