Traditional congenital heart disease (CHD) outcomes include mortality (survival to adulthood and life expectancy) as well as cardiac and noncardiac morbidity. Strategies to identify and manage sequelae have primarily focused on objective data obtained though invasive and noninvasive diagnostic approaches. In contrast, patient-reported outcomes (PROs) provide subjective information, using standardized measures, about patients’ health and well-being as reported directly by patients, without interpretation, interference, or assumptions made by clinicians or others. Selection of PRO measures entails thoughtful consideration of who the individuals being surveyed are, why assessment is occurring (eg, what are the domains of interest; clinical vs research), and what processes are in place for acquisition, administration, interpretation, and response. In this review, we focus on 3 domains of PROs for pediatric and adult patients with Fontan physiology: physical health status, psychological functioning, and quality of life. Infants, children, adolescents, and adults with CHD face a spectrum of challenges that might influence PROs across the life span. In general, patients with Fontan palliation tend to have lower physical health status, experience more psychological distress, and have equivalent or reduced quality of life compared with healthy peers. Herein, we provide an overview of PROs among people with Fontan circulation as a group, yet simultaneously emphasize that the optimal way to understand the experiences of any individual patient is to ask and listen. We also offer clinical and research initiatives to improve the adoption and utility of PROs in CHD settings, which show commitment to capturing, understanding, and responding to the patient voice.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine