PYRUVATE KINASE ISOZYMES IN NEURONS, GLIA, NEUROBLASTOMA, AND GLIOBLASTOMA

Susan Willis Tolle, R. D. Dyson, R. W. Newburgh, Janet M. Cardenas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

Abstract– The distribution of pyruvate kinase isozymes (EC 2.7.1.40) was examined in cells and tissues from the central and peripheral nervous system of the rat. Most tissues contain significant quantities of both the K4 (fetal type) and M4 (skeletal muscle type) isozymes plus tetrameric hybrids comprised of various combination of the type M and type K subunits. Retina, for example, contains a five‐mem‐bered hybrid set weighted toward K4, while sciatic nerve and spinal cord have patterns very similar to that of adult brain, consisting predominantly of M4 with small amounts of K4 and K‐M hybrids. This adult pattern is achieved by a gradual shift from a hybrid set dominated by K4 in fetal life, to the pattern at birth at which time the two most prominent bands were M4 and K2M2, and finally to the adult pattern by about 28 days after birth. Neurons and glial cells were isolated from rat and mouse brains at the various developmental levels. The pyruvate kinase isozyme patterns in the two cell types were similar to each other and to the patterns seen in whole brain homogenates at all ages, indicating similar rates of isozymic maturation in the two cell types. The correlation of maturation with pyruvate kinase isozyme patterns was further tested in cultures of malignant cell lines. A K‐M hybrid set, weighted toward K4, was seen in two clonal lines of mouse neuroblastoma under normal culture conditions. However, lowering the serum concentration in the culture medium or adding bromodeoxyuridine caused a shift in the patterns toward type M as the cells differentiated, mimicking in part the in vivo maturation of normal cells. On the other hand, a rapidly growing and poorly differentiated line of rat glioblastoma had only K4 under all conditions examined.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1355-1360
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Neurochemistry
Volume27
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1976

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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