Psychometric properties of the Chinese Parent Version of the Autism Spectrum Rating Scale: Rasch analysis

Weili Yan, Richard J. Siegert, Hao Zhou, Xiaobing Zou, Lijie Wu, Xuerong Luo, Tingyu Li, Yi Huang, Hongyan Guan, Xiang Chen, Meng Mao, Kun Xia, Lan Zhang, Erzhen Li, Chunpei Li, Xudong Zhang, Yuanfeng Zhou, Andy Shih, Eric Fombonne, Yi ZhengJisheng Han, Zhongsheng Sun, Yong Hui Jiang, Yi Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The recent adaptation of a Chinese parent version of the Autism Spectrum Rating Scale showed the Modified Chinese Autism Spectrum Rating Scale to be reliable and valid for use in China. The aim of this study was to test the Modified Chinese Autism Spectrum Rating Scale for fit to the Rasch model. We analysed data from a previous study of the Modified Chinese Autism Spectrum Rating Scale which comprised 1593 non-cases and 420 children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder. We used super items based on groups of locally dependent items and item deletion when necessary to achieve good fit to the model for each of the three subscales identified by Zhou et al. and for the full 59-item Modified Chinese Autism Spectrum Rating Scale. The resulting conversion tables enable the use of genuine unidimensional, interval level scores for the total score and three subscales. Reliability was high with Person Separation Index values ranging from 0.83 to 0.89 for the three subscales and 0.79 for the total scale. In addition, we were able to identify a full-scale version of the Autism Spectrum Rating Scale and its three subscales that are all free of differential item functioning in relation to the five person factors recorded namely age, sex, caseness, relative and city. In future studies, the Teacher version of the Modified Chinese Autism Spectrum Rating Scale needs examination with Rasch analysis. Lay abstract: The Autism Spectrum Rating Scale is a behavioural rating scale completed by parents and teachers that is useful for identifying children with an autism spectrum disorder. The development of a modified Autism Spectrum Rating Scale suitable for use in China is important for the identification of children in China with an autism spectrum disorder. In this study, we examined the Modified Chinese Autism Spectrum Rating Scale using a statistical technique known as Rasch analysis. Rasch analysis tests whether the questionnaire meets the standards for modern scientific measurement. We used Rasch analysis to examine data from 2013 children in China including 420 diagnosed with an autism spectrum disorder who had been rated by a parent or grandparent. After removing a small number of items (questions), the Modified Chinese Autism Spectrum Rating Scale met the stringent criteria for Rasch measurement. The availability of a reliable and precise tool for assessing behaviours characteristic of an autism spectrum disorder in Chinese children will improve the identification and diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder in China, thus enabling better provision of support services.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1872-1884
Number of pages13
JournalAutism
Volume25
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2021

Keywords

  • Autism Spectrum Rating Scale
  • China
  • Rasch analysis
  • autism spectrum disorders
  • parent version
  • psychometrics
  • school-age children

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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