Psychological and social characteristics and precipitants of vomiting in children with cyclic vomiting syndrome

David Forbes, Geoff Withers, Sven Silburn, Robert McKelvey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

A psychological etiology or predisposition for cyclic vomiting syndrome (CVS) has long been suspected. Much of the psychiatric literature to dale has blamed patients or their families for the problem or focused on psychoanalytic interpretation to account for the syndrome. Thirty-two patients with CVS were compared with 64 age- and sex-matched controls. The patients had a higher incidence of psychological symptoms and migraine. On the Achenbach child Behavior Checklist patients had higher internalizing, somatic complaints, and anxiety depression scores. CVS is a migraine variant, with attacks usually precipitated by stress and intercurrent infections. The psychological characteristics of patients with CVS probably contribute to their vulnerability.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)19S-22S
JournalDigestive diseases and sciences
Volume44
Issue number8 SUPPL.
StatePublished - Oct 5 1999

Keywords

  • Characteristics
  • Cyclic vomiting syndrome
  • Precipitants

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Gastroenterology

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