Psychological adjustment in a French cohort of type 1 diabetic children

D. Castro, N. Tubiana-Rufi, L. Moret, E. Fombonne, H. Bony-Trifunovic, M. De Kerdanet, N. Faure, I. Mercat-Caudal, O. Constans, C. Stuckens, M. C. Wieliczko, S. Ricard-Malivoir, P. Béchet

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


The aim of the study was to determine whether IDDM affects the course of psychological adjustment in youths. The study sample included 164 children with IDDM [mean age = 10.2) and their parents compared to 164 healthy controls matched for age, sex and socioeconomic status. Adjustment was measured with the Child Behavior Checklist, a parental rating scale, validated and adapted for the French population. Two-way ANOVAs on CBCL scale scores showed that scores for both internalizing and externalizing problem behaviors and the total CBCL score were significantly raised in diabetic children (p < 0.001). Further comparisons on the 8 narrow-band scale scores of the CBCL indicated increased scores for diabetic children on 6 dimensions. A significant Gender x Status (IDDM versus Controls) interaction was found, supportive of higher rates of aggressive behaviors amongst male diabetic children (p < 0.01). Controlling for age, no correlation was found between CBCL total, internalizing and externalizing scores and duration of IDDM or HbA1c levels within the diabetic group. Psychological adjustment to chronic illness needs to be considered with respect to both normal developmental demands as well as in the context of the specific challenges posed by the disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)29-34
Number of pages6
JournalDiabetes and Metabolism
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2000
Externally publishedYes


  • Behaviors
  • CBCL (Achenbach)
  • Children
  • Gender
  • IDDM
  • Psychological adjustment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology


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