Psychobiology of drug-induced religious experience: From the brain "locus of religion" to cognitive unbinding

Paolo Nencini, Kathleen (Kathy) Grant

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    3 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The recent interest in the psychopharmacological underpinnings of religious experiences has led to both the laboratory characterizations of drug-induced mystical events and psychobiological models of religious experiences rooted in evolution and fitness. Our examination of this literature suggests that these theories may be congruent only within more modern religious and cultural settings and are not generalizable to all historical beliefs, as would be expected from an evolutionarily conserved biological mechanism. The strong influence of culture on the subjective effects of drugs as well as religious thoughts argues against the concept of a common pathway in the brain uniquely responsible for these experiences. Rather, the role of personal beliefs, expectations and experiences may interject bias into the interpretation of psychoactive drug action as a reflection of biologically based religious thought. Thus, psychobiological research proposing specific brain mechanisms should consider anthropological and historical data to address alternative explanations to the "fitness" of religious thought. A psychobiological model of the religious experience based on the concept of cognitive unbinding seems to accommodate these data better than that of a specific brain locus of religion.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)2130-2151
    Number of pages22
    JournalSubstance Use and Misuse
    Volume45
    Issue number13
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jul 2010

    Fingerprint

    Religion
    brain
    drug
    Brain
    Pharmaceutical Preparations
    experience
    fitness
    Anthropology
    Psychotropic Drugs
    Research
    examination
    interpretation
    event
    trend

    Keywords

    • Psychobiology
    • religious experience
    • religiousness

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Psychiatry and Mental health
    • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
    • Health(social science)
    • Medicine (miscellaneous)
    • Medicine(all)

    Cite this

    Psychobiology of drug-induced religious experience : From the brain "locus of religion" to cognitive unbinding. / Nencini, Paolo; Grant, Kathleen (Kathy).

    In: Substance Use and Misuse, Vol. 45, No. 13, 07.2010, p. 2130-2151.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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