Proteolysis targeting chimeric molecules as therapy for multiple myeloma: efficacy, biomarker and drug combinations

Su Lin Lim, Alisa Damnernsawad, Pavithra Shyamsunder, Wee Joo Chng, Bing Chen Han, Liang Xu, Jian Pan, Dakle Pushkar Pravin, Serhan Alkan, Jeffrey Tyner, H. Phillip Koeffler

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Abstract

Proteolysis targeting chimeric molecule ARV 825 causes ubiquitination of bromodomains resulting in their efficient degradation by proteasome activity. Bromodomain degradation down-regulates MYC transcription contributing to growth inhibition of various human cancers. We examined the therapeutic potential of ARV 825 against multiple myeloma (MM) cells both in vitro and in vivo In a dose-dependent manner, ARV 825 inhibited proliferation of 13 human MM cell lines and three fresh patient samples, and was associated with cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. ARV 825 rapidly and efficiently degraded BRD 2 and BRD 4. Sensitivity of MM cells to ARV 825 was positively correlated with cereblon levels. RNA sequencing analysis showed important genes such as CCR1, RGS, MYB and MYC were down-regulated by ARV 825. A total of 170 small molecule inhibitors were screened for synergy with ARV 825. Combination of ARV 825 with inhibitor of either dual PI3K/mTOR, CRM1, VEGFR, PDGFRα/b, FLT3, IGF-1R, protein kinase C, CBP-EP300 or JAK1/2 showed synergistic activity. Importantly, ARV 825 significantly inhibited the growth of MM xenografts and improved mice survival. Taken together, our results, in conjunction with recently published findings, provide a rationale for investigating the efficacy of ARV 825 for MM, use of cereblon as a biomarker for therapy of MM patients, and the combination of ARV 825 with small molecule inhibitors to improve the outcome of MM patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1209-1220
Number of pages12
JournalHaematologica
Volume104
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2019

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

Cite this

Lim, S. L., Damnernsawad, A., Shyamsunder, P., Chng, W. J., Han, B. C., Xu, L., ... Koeffler, H. P. (2019). Proteolysis targeting chimeric molecules as therapy for multiple myeloma: efficacy, biomarker and drug combinations. Haematologica, 104(6), 1209-1220. https://doi.org/10.3324/haematol.2018.201483