The present study examined protein kinase A (PKA) and protein kinase C (PKC) involvement in the maintenance of cellular tolerance to mu opioid receptor agonists resulting from chronic opiate exposure in neurosecretory cells of the hypothalamic arcuate nucleus (ARC). The possibility that the diminution of mu opioid receptor/effector coupling produced by acute 17β- estradiol or chronic opiate exposures is mediated by a common kinase pathway also was investigated. Intracellular recordings were made in hypothalamic slices prepared from ovariectomized female guinea pigs. The mu opioid receptor agonist D-Ala2, N-Me-Phe4, Gly-ol5-enkephalin (DAMGO) produced dose-dependent hyperpolarizations of ARC neurons. Chronic morphine treatment for 4 days reduced DAMGO potency 2.5-fold with no change in the maximal response. This effect was mimicked by a 20-min bath application of the PKA activator cAMP, Sp-isomer, or the PKC activator phorbol-12,13-dibutyrate. A 30-min bath application of the broad-spectrum protein kinase inhibitor staurosporine completely abolished the reduced DAMGO potency seen in morphine-tolerant neurosecretory cells, including those immunopositive for gonadotropin-releasing hormone. The effect of staurosporine was mimicked by the PKA inhibitor cAMP, Rp-isomer, but not by the PKC inhibitor calphostin C. Finally, a 20-min bath application of 17β-estradiol did not further reduce DAMGO potency in morphine-tolerant ARC neurons. Therefore, increased PKA activity maintains cellular tolerance to mu opioid receptor agonists in ARC neurosecretory cells caused by chronic morphine treatment. Furthermore, acute 17β-estradiol and chronic opiate treatments attenuate mu opioid receptor- mediated responses via a common PKA pathway.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics|
|State||Published - Jun 1 1998|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine