Class I major histocompatibility complex (MHC) molecules present antigenic peptides of cytoplasmic origin to T cells. As the lengths of these peptides seem restricted to eight or nine amino acids, an unusual proteolytic system must play a role in antigen processing. Proteasomes, a major extralysosomal proteolytic system, are responsible for the degradation of cytoplasmic proteins. We demonstrate that several proteasomal subunits, including MHC- encoded subunits, are regulated by interferon γ. These data and the finding that MHC-encoded and other interferon γ-regulated proteasomal subunits are uniquely associated with proteasomes strongly suggest that the immune system has recruited proteasomes for antigen processing.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - 1992|
- class I molecules
- major histocompatibility complex
ASJC Scopus subject areas