Extremely low birth weight infants with chronic lung disease (CLD) have frequent episodes of desaturation (hypoxemia). We quantified oxygenation and episodes of hypoxemia in 55 infants (birth weight ≤ 1000 gm) with CLD in the supine versus prone position, for 1-hour time intervals. Oxygen saturation was measured with the Nellcor N-200 pulse oximeter and a computer program. Prone positioning increased oxygen saturation from 92.0% to 94.1% (p <0.001) and significantly decreased episodes of hypoxemia to oxygen saturation levels of less than 90%, 85%, and 80% (p <0.001). Our findings support prone positioning for the extremely low birth weight infant with CLD in an intensive care setting.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health