Tumor necrosis factor may be a mediator of the syndrome of cancer cachexia. Tachyphylaxis or tolerance to the cachectic effects of recombinant tumor necrosis factor (rTNF) has been previously described. In this study, we investigate whether repetitive exposure to rTNF can induce similar tolerance in tumor-bearing (TB) rats and ameliorate cachexia induced by the tumor. In experiment 1, non-tumor-bearing (NTB) and TB rats were randomized to either escalating low doses of rTNF or saline i.p. twice daily for 9 consecutive days. NTB rats treated with rTNF demonstrated a significant decline in food intake and weight change (P < 0.00001) but soon developed tolerance to the cachectic effects of rTNF; they consumed significantly more food than on the first day of treatment and had weight change similar to NTB rats treated with saline. TB rats treated with rTNF showed a similar significant decline in food intake and weight change (P < 0.0001) and also demonstrated similar tolerance to the cachectic effects of rTNF with continued treatment. Following treatment, TB rats that had been treated with rTNF ate significantly more and lost less weight than TB rats that had been treated with saline (P < 0.00001). rTNF treatment of TB rats also demonstrated antineoplastic activity, as estimated tumor weight of tumors from rats treated with rTNF were significantly less than controls (P = 0.003). The anticachexia and antineoplastic effects of rTNF resulted in prolonged survival of TB rats treated with rTNF compared to control TB rats (P = 0.015). Experiment 2 utilized two different rTNF treatment regimens in TB rats: one group received 12 days of escalating doses of rTNF, and another group received 15 days of rTNF treatment. TB rats treated with rTNF again had a significantly greater food intake (P < 0.00001) and delayed weight loss (P = 0.0001) posttreatment that was further augmented by additional doses of rTNF. Antineoplastic activity of rTNF was less clear, and overall tumor growth curves were not affected by rTNF treatment. Survival of TB rats treated with rTNF was again significantly increased in a dose-dependent manner (P = 0.006). Repeated administration of low doses of rTNF to TB rats induces mild reduction in tumor growth, tolerance to the cachectic effects of rTNF that results in tolerance to the cachectic effects of tumor, and prolongation of survival.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|State||Published - Jul 1 1990|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research