Prognostic indicators of assisted reproduction technology outcomes of cycles with ultralow serum antimüllerian hormone: a multivariate analysis of over 5,000 autologous cycles from the Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology Clinic Outcome Reporting System database for 2012–2013

David B. Seifer, Oded Tal, Ethan Wantman, Preeti Edul, Valerie L. Baker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective To assess cycle outcomes when antimüllerian hormone (AMH) is ultralow (≤0.16 ng/mL) and to determine which parameters contribute to the probability of cycle cancellation and/or outcome. Design Retrospective analysis. Setting Not applicable. Patient(s) 5,087 (7.3%) fresh and 243 (1.5%) thawed cycles with ultralow AMH values. Intervention(s) Linear and logistic regression, comparison with age-matched cycles with normal AMH concentrations. Main Outcome Measure(s) Cancellation rate; number of retrieved oocytes, embryos, transferred embryos, and cryopreserved embryos; clinical pregnancy, live-birth, and multiple birth rates. Result(s) The total cancellation rate per cycle start for fresh cycles was 54%. Of these, 38.6% of the cycles were canceled before retrieval, and 3.3% of cycles obtained no oocytes at time of retrieval. Of all retrieval attempts, 50.7% had three oocytes or fewer retrieved, and 25.1% had no embryo transfer. The live-birth rates were 9.5% per cycle start. Cycles with ultralow AMH levels compared with age-matched normal AMH cycles demonstrated more than a fivefold greater pre-retrieval cancellation rate, a twofold less live-birth rate per cycle and a 4.5-fold less embryo cryopreservation rate. Conclusion(s) Refusing treatment solely on the basis of ultralow AMH levels is not advisable, but patients should be counseled appropriately about the prognostic factors for cancellation and outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)385-393.e3
JournalFertility and sterility
Volume105
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2016

Keywords

  • AMH
  • ART outcomes
  • low AMH
  • multiple births
  • prognostic factors
  • ultralow AMH

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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