Profiling of extracellular vesicle-bound miRNA to identify candidate biomarkers of chronic alcohol drinking in nonhuman primates

Sloan A. Lewis, Brianna Doratt, Suhas Sureshchandra, Tianyu Pan, Steven W. Gonzales, Weining Shen, Kathleen A. Grant, Ilhem Messaoudi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Long-term alcohol drinking is associated with numerous health complications including susceptibility to infection, cancer, and organ damage. However, due to the complex nature of human drinking behavior, it has been challenging to identify reliable biomarkers of alcohol drinking behavior prior to signs of overt organ damage. Recently, extracellular vesicle-bound microRNAs (EV-miRNAs) have been found to be consistent biomarkers of conditions that include cancer and liver disease. Methods: In this study, we profiled the plasma EV-miRNA content by miRNA-Seq from 80 nonhuman primates after 12 months of voluntary alcohol drinking. Results: We identified a list of up- and downregulated EV-miRNA candidate biomarkers of heavy drinking and those positively correlated with ethanol dose. We overexpressed these candidate miRNAs in control primary peripheral immune cells to assess their potential functional mechanisms. We found that overexpression of miR-155, miR-154, miR-34c, miR-450a, and miR-204 led to increased production of the inflammatory cytokines TNFα or IL-6 in peripheral blood mononuclear cells after stimulation. Conclusion: This exploratory study identified several EV-miRNAs that could serve as biomarkers of long-term alcohol drinking and provide a mechanism to explain alcohol-induced peripheral inflammation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)221-231
Number of pages11
JournalAlcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research
Volume46
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • alcohol
  • extracellular vesicles
  • miRNA
  • nonhuman primates

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Toxicology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Profiling of extracellular vesicle-bound miRNA to identify candidate biomarkers of chronic alcohol drinking in nonhuman primates'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this