Profile of presentation of Human Immunodeficiency Virus infection in North India, 2003-2007

S. Kumar, Ajay Wanchu, N. Abeygunasekera, A. Sharma, S. Singh, S. Varma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Clinico-epidemiological profile of the Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic in India is varied and depends on multitude of factors including geographic location. We analyzed the characteristics of HIV-infected patients attending our Immunodeficiency Clinic to determine any changes in their profile over five years. Settings and Design: A retrospective observational study. Materials and Methods: The study sample included all patients with HIV infection from January 1, 2003 to December 31, 2007. Diagnosis of HIV was made according to National AIDS Control Organization guidelines. Results: Of 3 067 HIV-infected patients, 1 887 (61.5%) were male and 1 180 (38.5%) were female patients. Mean age of patients was 35.1 9.0 years. Majority (91.8%) of patients were in the age group of 15 to 49 years. Progressively increasing proportion of female patients was noted from year 2004 onward. Median CD4 count at presentation in year 2003 was 197/l (Interquartile range [IQR] = 82.5-373) while in year 2007 it was 186.5/l (IQR = 86.3-336.8). Mean CD4 count of male patients was 203.7 169.4/l, significantly lower as compared with female patients, which was 284.8 223.3/l (P value 0.05). Every year, substantial proportions of patients presenting to clinic had CD4 count

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)158-164
Number of pages7
JournalIndian Journal of Community Medicine
Volume37
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2012

Fingerprint

Virus Diseases
India
HIV
CD4 Lymphocyte Count
Geographic Locations
Observational Studies
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Retrospective Studies
Age Groups
Guidelines

Keywords

  • Clinical profile
  • HIV
  • time trends

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Profile of presentation of Human Immunodeficiency Virus infection in North India, 2003-2007. / Kumar, S.; Wanchu, Ajay; Abeygunasekera, N.; Sharma, A.; Singh, S.; Varma, S.

In: Indian Journal of Community Medicine, Vol. 37, No. 3, 07.2012, p. 158-164.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kumar, S, Wanchu, A, Abeygunasekera, N, Sharma, A, Singh, S & Varma, S 2012, 'Profile of presentation of Human Immunodeficiency Virus infection in North India, 2003-2007', Indian Journal of Community Medicine, vol. 37, no. 3, pp. 158-164. https://doi.org/10.4103/0970-0218.99914
Kumar, S. ; Wanchu, Ajay ; Abeygunasekera, N. ; Sharma, A. ; Singh, S. ; Varma, S. / Profile of presentation of Human Immunodeficiency Virus infection in North India, 2003-2007. In: Indian Journal of Community Medicine. 2012 ; Vol. 37, No. 3. pp. 158-164.
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