Productivity changes following medical and surgical treatment of chronic rhinosinusitis by symptom domain

Daniel M. Beswick, Jess C. Mace, Luke Rudmik, Zachary M. Soler, Adam S. DeConde, Timothy L. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is associated with substantial productivity losses. Prior cross-sectional study has identified risk factors and symptom subdomains contributing to baseline productivity loss. This study evaluates correlations between posttreatment changes in symptom subdomain and productivity loss. Methods: A total of 202 adult patients with refractory CRS were prospectively enrolled into an observational, multi-institutional cohort study between August 2012 and June 2015. Respondents provided pretreatment and posttreatment 22-item Sino-Nasal Outcome Test (SNOT-22) scores. Productivity losses were monetized using measures of absenteeism, presenteeism, lost leisure time, and U.S. government–estimated wage and labor rates. Results: A total of 39 (19%) participants elected continued appropriate medical therapy (CAMT) and 163 (81%) elected endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS). CAMT patients experienced improvement in SNOT-22 total and rhinologic subdomain scores (both p ≤ 0.039). ESS patients reported improvement in SNOT-22 total scores and all subdomains (all p < 0.001). Mean monetized productivity losses were nearly unchanged following CAMT (−$200, p = 0.887) but significantly reduced following ESS (−$5,015, p < 0.001). Mean productivity losses were reported in CAMT patients reporting worse mean posttreatment extra-rhinologic, psychological, and sleep symptom severity scores; however, no statistically significant linear correlations (r ≤ 0.249; p ≥ 0.126) were reported. Conclusion: Treatment modalities associate with different posttreatment productivity changes. Patients electing ESS experienced postoperative improvement in productivity distributed across all SNOT-22 symptom domains, suggesting productivity improvement correlates with multiple symptom domains. Patients electing CAMT had better baseline productivity compared to patients electing ESS, and this productivity level was maintained through treatment. Greater productivity loss occurred in patients with worse SNOT-22 scores in the extra-rhinologic, psychological, and sleep subdomains.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1395-1405
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Forum of Allergy and Rhinology
Volume8
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2018

Keywords

  • chronic disease
  • chronic rhinosinusitis
  • outcome assessment—health care
  • quality of life
  • sinusitis
  • symptom domain

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Otorhinolaryngology

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