Prior ultrasound-indicated cerclage comparison of cervical length screening or history-indicated cerclage in the next pregnancy

Anju Suhag, Jordana Reina, Laura Sanapo, Pasquale Martinelli, Gabriele Saccone, Giuliana Simonazzi, Maria Giraldo-Isaza, Sushma Potti, Matthew K. Hoffman, Vincenzo Berghella

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16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate outcomes of women with prior ultrasound-indicated cerclage, who in their subsequent pregnancy were either followed by transvaginal ultrasound cervical length screening or received a planned history-indicated cerclage. Methods: Multicenter cohort study of singleton gestations with a prior ultrasound-indicated cerclage performed from 1994 to 2014. We evaluated three pregnancies in the study participants: first pregnancy with prior spontaneous preterm birth at less than 37 weeks of gestation; second pregnancy with ultrasoundindicated cerclage for cervical length 25 mm or less; and the third index pregnancy managed with either transvaginal ultrasound cervical length screening with ultrasound-indicated cerclage for cervical length 25 mm or less or planned history-indicated cerclage. The primary outcome was incidence of spontaneous preterm birth at less than 37 weeks of gestation. We planned a subgroup analysis for women who delivered at less than 32 weeks of gestation compared with 32 weeks of gestation or greater in their prior ultrasound-indicated cerclage pregnancy. Results: Of 102 singleton gestations included, 38 (37.3%) were followed with transvaginal ultrasound cervical length screening and 64 (62.7%) underwent history-indicated cerclage. Of 38 women in the transvaginal ultrasound group, 18 (47.4%) underwent ultrasound-indicated cerclage for cervical length 25 mm or less. After adjusting for confounders, the rate of spontaneous preterm birth at less than 37 weeks of gestation was similar between transvaginal ultrasound cervical length screening and history-indicated cerclage groups (36.8% compared with 43.8%; adjusted odds ratio 0.77, 95% confidence interval 0.47-1.45). Secondary outcomes were also similar in both groups. All women (n57) who delivered at less than 32 weeks of gestation in their prior pregnancy and subsequently had transvaginal ultrasound screening received ultrasound-indicated cerclage in the index pregnancy compared with only 35.5% of women who delivered at 32 weeks of gestation or greater in their prior pregnancy. CONCLUSION: Women with prior ultrasound-indicated cerclage have similar outcomes if they receive either transvaginal ultrasound cervical length screening with ultrasound-indicated cerclage for cervical length 25 mm or less or planned history-indicated cerclage in the subsequent pregnancy. Less than 50% of the transvaginal ultrasound cervical length screening group require a repeat ultrasound-indicated cerclage in the subsequent pregnancy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)962-968
Number of pages7
JournalObstetrics and Gynecology
Volume126
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 20 2015

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Cervical Cerclage
History
Pregnancy
Premature Birth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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Suhag, A., Reina, J., Sanapo, L., Martinelli, P., Saccone, G., Simonazzi, G., ... Berghella, V. (2015). Prior ultrasound-indicated cerclage comparison of cervical length screening or history-indicated cerclage in the next pregnancy. Obstetrics and Gynecology, 126(5), 962-968.

Prior ultrasound-indicated cerclage comparison of cervical length screening or history-indicated cerclage in the next pregnancy. / Suhag, Anju; Reina, Jordana; Sanapo, Laura; Martinelli, Pasquale; Saccone, Gabriele; Simonazzi, Giuliana; Giraldo-Isaza, Maria; Potti, Sushma; Hoffman, Matthew K.; Berghella, Vincenzo.

In: Obstetrics and Gynecology, Vol. 126, No. 5, 20.10.2015, p. 962-968.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Suhag, A, Reina, J, Sanapo, L, Martinelli, P, Saccone, G, Simonazzi, G, Giraldo-Isaza, M, Potti, S, Hoffman, MK & Berghella, V 2015, 'Prior ultrasound-indicated cerclage comparison of cervical length screening or history-indicated cerclage in the next pregnancy', Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 126, no. 5, pp. 962-968.
Suhag A, Reina J, Sanapo L, Martinelli P, Saccone G, Simonazzi G et al. Prior ultrasound-indicated cerclage comparison of cervical length screening or history-indicated cerclage in the next pregnancy. Obstetrics and Gynecology. 2015 Oct 20;126(5):962-968.
Suhag, Anju ; Reina, Jordana ; Sanapo, Laura ; Martinelli, Pasquale ; Saccone, Gabriele ; Simonazzi, Giuliana ; Giraldo-Isaza, Maria ; Potti, Sushma ; Hoffman, Matthew K. ; Berghella, Vincenzo. / Prior ultrasound-indicated cerclage comparison of cervical length screening or history-indicated cerclage in the next pregnancy. In: Obstetrics and Gynecology. 2015 ; Vol. 126, No. 5. pp. 962-968.
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abstract = "Objective: To evaluate outcomes of women with prior ultrasound-indicated cerclage, who in their subsequent pregnancy were either followed by transvaginal ultrasound cervical length screening or received a planned history-indicated cerclage. Methods: Multicenter cohort study of singleton gestations with a prior ultrasound-indicated cerclage performed from 1994 to 2014. We evaluated three pregnancies in the study participants: first pregnancy with prior spontaneous preterm birth at less than 37 weeks of gestation; second pregnancy with ultrasoundindicated cerclage for cervical length 25 mm or less; and the third index pregnancy managed with either transvaginal ultrasound cervical length screening with ultrasound-indicated cerclage for cervical length 25 mm or less or planned history-indicated cerclage. The primary outcome was incidence of spontaneous preterm birth at less than 37 weeks of gestation. We planned a subgroup analysis for women who delivered at less than 32 weeks of gestation compared with 32 weeks of gestation or greater in their prior ultrasound-indicated cerclage pregnancy. Results: Of 102 singleton gestations included, 38 (37.3{\%}) were followed with transvaginal ultrasound cervical length screening and 64 (62.7{\%}) underwent history-indicated cerclage. Of 38 women in the transvaginal ultrasound group, 18 (47.4{\%}) underwent ultrasound-indicated cerclage for cervical length 25 mm or less. After adjusting for confounders, the rate of spontaneous preterm birth at less than 37 weeks of gestation was similar between transvaginal ultrasound cervical length screening and history-indicated cerclage groups (36.8{\%} compared with 43.8{\%}; adjusted odds ratio 0.77, 95{\%} confidence interval 0.47-1.45). Secondary outcomes were also similar in both groups. All women (n57) who delivered at less than 32 weeks of gestation in their prior pregnancy and subsequently had transvaginal ultrasound screening received ultrasound-indicated cerclage in the index pregnancy compared with only 35.5{\%} of women who delivered at 32 weeks of gestation or greater in their prior pregnancy. CONCLUSION: Women with prior ultrasound-indicated cerclage have similar outcomes if they receive either transvaginal ultrasound cervical length screening with ultrasound-indicated cerclage for cervical length 25 mm or less or planned history-indicated cerclage in the subsequent pregnancy. Less than 50{\%} of the transvaginal ultrasound cervical length screening group require a repeat ultrasound-indicated cerclage in the subsequent pregnancy.",
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AU - Reina, Jordana

AU - Sanapo, Laura

AU - Martinelli, Pasquale

AU - Saccone, Gabriele

AU - Simonazzi, Giuliana

AU - Giraldo-Isaza, Maria

AU - Potti, Sushma

AU - Hoffman, Matthew K.

AU - Berghella, Vincenzo

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N2 - Objective: To evaluate outcomes of women with prior ultrasound-indicated cerclage, who in their subsequent pregnancy were either followed by transvaginal ultrasound cervical length screening or received a planned history-indicated cerclage. Methods: Multicenter cohort study of singleton gestations with a prior ultrasound-indicated cerclage performed from 1994 to 2014. We evaluated three pregnancies in the study participants: first pregnancy with prior spontaneous preterm birth at less than 37 weeks of gestation; second pregnancy with ultrasoundindicated cerclage for cervical length 25 mm or less; and the third index pregnancy managed with either transvaginal ultrasound cervical length screening with ultrasound-indicated cerclage for cervical length 25 mm or less or planned history-indicated cerclage. The primary outcome was incidence of spontaneous preterm birth at less than 37 weeks of gestation. We planned a subgroup analysis for women who delivered at less than 32 weeks of gestation compared with 32 weeks of gestation or greater in their prior ultrasound-indicated cerclage pregnancy. Results: Of 102 singleton gestations included, 38 (37.3%) were followed with transvaginal ultrasound cervical length screening and 64 (62.7%) underwent history-indicated cerclage. Of 38 women in the transvaginal ultrasound group, 18 (47.4%) underwent ultrasound-indicated cerclage for cervical length 25 mm or less. After adjusting for confounders, the rate of spontaneous preterm birth at less than 37 weeks of gestation was similar between transvaginal ultrasound cervical length screening and history-indicated cerclage groups (36.8% compared with 43.8%; adjusted odds ratio 0.77, 95% confidence interval 0.47-1.45). Secondary outcomes were also similar in both groups. All women (n57) who delivered at less than 32 weeks of gestation in their prior pregnancy and subsequently had transvaginal ultrasound screening received ultrasound-indicated cerclage in the index pregnancy compared with only 35.5% of women who delivered at 32 weeks of gestation or greater in their prior pregnancy. CONCLUSION: Women with prior ultrasound-indicated cerclage have similar outcomes if they receive either transvaginal ultrasound cervical length screening with ultrasound-indicated cerclage for cervical length 25 mm or less or planned history-indicated cerclage in the subsequent pregnancy. Less than 50% of the transvaginal ultrasound cervical length screening group require a repeat ultrasound-indicated cerclage in the subsequent pregnancy.

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