Preventing hypoxemia during colonoscopy

A randomized controlled trial of supplemental oxygen

P. E. Jaffe, M (Brian) Fennerty, R. E. Sampliner, L. J. Hixson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Hypoxia as measured by pulse oximetry is well recognized in patients undergoing colonoscopy. A single trial of supplemental oxygen therapy has been shown to diminish the observed desaturation during colonoscopy. We further defined the role of supplemental oxygen during colonoscopy in a randomized controlled trial. Ninety-four patients undergoing routine colonoscopy were randomized to oxygen (2 L by nasal prongs) or placebo (nasal prongs only) arms. The physician and patients were blinded to which arm they were in. Sixty-four percent of patients in the placebo arm desaturated (>90% saturation) versus 29% in the treatment arm (p <0.001). There were no complications observed in either arm. We conclude that supplemental oxygen will decrease but not prevent the incidence of arterial desaturation observed during colonoscopy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)114-116
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Clinical Gastroenterology
Volume14
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1992
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Colonoscopy
Randomized Controlled Trials
Oxygen
Nose
Placebos
Oximetry
Hypoxia
Physicians
Incidence
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • Colonoscopy
  • Hypoxemia
  • Oxygen

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

Cite this

Preventing hypoxemia during colonoscopy : A randomized controlled trial of supplemental oxygen. / Jaffe, P. E.; Fennerty, M (Brian); Sampliner, R. E.; Hixson, L. J.

In: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology, Vol. 14, No. 2, 1992, p. 114-116.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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