Preventing hypoxemia during colonoscopy: A randomized controlled trial of supplemental oxygen

P. E. Jaffe, M. B. Fennerty, R. E. Sampliner, L. J. Hixson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Hypoxia as measured by pulse oximetry is well recognized in patients undergoing colonoscopy. A single trial of supplemental oxygen therapy has been shown to diminish the observed desaturation during colonoscopy. We further defined the role of supplemental oxygen during colonoscopy in a randomized controlled trial. Ninety-four patients undergoing routine colonoscopy were randomized to oxygen (2 L by nasal prongs) or placebo (nasal prongs only) arms. The physician and patients were blinded to which arm they were in. Sixty-four percent of patients in the placebo arm desaturated (>90% saturation) versus 29% in the treatment arm (p < 0.001). There were no complications observed in either arm. We conclude that supplemental oxygen will decrease but not prevent the incidence of arterial desaturation observed during colonoscopy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)114-116
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of clinical gastroenterology
Volume14
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1992

Keywords

  • Colonoscopy
  • Hypoxemia
  • Oxygen

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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