Prevalence and determinants of type 2 diabetes among filipino-americans in the Houston, Texas metropolitan statistical area

Luceli C. Cuasay, Eun Lee, Philip P. Orlander, Lyn Steffen-Batey, Craig L. Hanis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVE - The few available studies suggest that Filipino-Americans have an increased risk for developing type 2 diabetes. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of previously diagnosed type 2 diabetes and its major risk factors among Filipino-Americans. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS - A cross-sectional survey was conducted in the Houston, Texas, metropolitan statistical area between September 1998 and March 2000. The convenience sample included 831 Filipino-American participants aged 20-74 years. The major risk factors assessed were age, sex, family history of diabetes, socioeconomic status, obesity (BMI >30), physical inactivity, acculturation, region of birth and, in women, history of gestational diabetes and delivery of a baby weighing >9 1b. RESULTS - Overall prevalence was estimated to be 16.1% (95% Cl 13.5-18.7). Multivariate logistic regression analyses identified independent risk factors increasing age from ages 35-44 years (odds ratio [OR] 5.6, 95% Cl 1.5-20.5) to 65-74 years (34.2, 7.2-163.0); male sex (1.8, 1.1-32.1); family history of diabetes (4.7, 2.6-8.5); obesity (3.6, 1.4-9.0); region of birth, Mindanao (3.2, 1.3-7.7); and, among women, gestational diabetes (21.7, 6.7-69.7) and low income (5.3, 1.4-20.2). CONCLUSIONS - The study observed a high prevalence of type 2 diabetes and supports earlier studies suggesting that Filipinos are at higher risk for type 2 diabetes than the U.S. non-Hispanic white population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2054-2058
Number of pages5
JournalDiabetes Care
Volume24
Issue number12
StatePublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Asian Americans
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Gestational Diabetes
Obesity
Parturition
Acculturation
Social Class
Research Design
Cross-Sectional Studies
Logistic Models
Odds Ratio
Regression Analysis
Population

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Internal Medicine

Cite this

Cuasay, L. C., Lee, E., Orlander, P. P., Steffen-Batey, L., & Hanis, C. L. (2001). Prevalence and determinants of type 2 diabetes among filipino-americans in the Houston, Texas metropolitan statistical area. Diabetes Care, 24(12), 2054-2058.

Prevalence and determinants of type 2 diabetes among filipino-americans in the Houston, Texas metropolitan statistical area. / Cuasay, Luceli C.; Lee, Eun; Orlander, Philip P.; Steffen-Batey, Lyn; Hanis, Craig L.

In: Diabetes Care, Vol. 24, No. 12, 2001, p. 2054-2058.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cuasay, LC, Lee, E, Orlander, PP, Steffen-Batey, L & Hanis, CL 2001, 'Prevalence and determinants of type 2 diabetes among filipino-americans in the Houston, Texas metropolitan statistical area', Diabetes Care, vol. 24, no. 12, pp. 2054-2058.
Cuasay, Luceli C. ; Lee, Eun ; Orlander, Philip P. ; Steffen-Batey, Lyn ; Hanis, Craig L. / Prevalence and determinants of type 2 diabetes among filipino-americans in the Houston, Texas metropolitan statistical area. In: Diabetes Care. 2001 ; Vol. 24, No. 12. pp. 2054-2058.
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AB - OBJECTIVE - The few available studies suggest that Filipino-Americans have an increased risk for developing type 2 diabetes. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of previously diagnosed type 2 diabetes and its major risk factors among Filipino-Americans. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS - A cross-sectional survey was conducted in the Houston, Texas, metropolitan statistical area between September 1998 and March 2000. The convenience sample included 831 Filipino-American participants aged 20-74 years. The major risk factors assessed were age, sex, family history of diabetes, socioeconomic status, obesity (BMI >30), physical inactivity, acculturation, region of birth and, in women, history of gestational diabetes and delivery of a baby weighing >9 1b. RESULTS - Overall prevalence was estimated to be 16.1% (95% Cl 13.5-18.7). Multivariate logistic regression analyses identified independent risk factors increasing age from ages 35-44 years (odds ratio [OR] 5.6, 95% Cl 1.5-20.5) to 65-74 years (34.2, 7.2-163.0); male sex (1.8, 1.1-32.1); family history of diabetes (4.7, 2.6-8.5); obesity (3.6, 1.4-9.0); region of birth, Mindanao (3.2, 1.3-7.7); and, among women, gestational diabetes (21.7, 6.7-69.7) and low income (5.3, 1.4-20.2). CONCLUSIONS - The study observed a high prevalence of type 2 diabetes and supports earlier studies suggesting that Filipinos are at higher risk for type 2 diabetes than the U.S. non-Hispanic white population.

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