Prevalence and correlates of post-traumatic stress disorder in adults with congenital heart disease

Lisa X. Deng, Abigail May Khan, David Drajpuch, Stephanie Fuller, Jonathan Ludmir, Christopher E. Mascio, Sara L. Partington, Ayesha Qadeer, Lynda Tobin, Adrienne H. Kovacs, Yuli Y. Kim

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

  • 9 Citations

Abstract

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with adverse outcomes and increased mortality in cardiac patients. No studies have examined PTSD in the adult congenital heart disease (ACHD) population. The objectives of this study were to assess the prevalence of self-reported symptoms of PTSD in patients with ACHD and explore potential associated factors. Patients were enrolled from an outpatient ACHD clinic and completed several validated measures including the Impact of Event Scale-Revised, PTSD Checklist-Civilian Version, and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. Clinical data were abstracted through medical data review. A total of 134 participants (mean age 34.6 ± 10.6; 46% men) were enrolled. Of the 127 participants who completed the Impact of Event Scale-Revised, 14 (11%) met criteria for elevated PTSD symptoms specifically related to their congenital heart disease or treatment. Of the 134 patients who completed PTSD Checklist-Civilian Version, 27 (21%) met criteria for global PTSD symptoms. In univariate analyses, patients with congenital heart disease-specific PTSD had their most recent cardiac surgery at an earlier year (p = 0.008), were less likely to have attended college (p = 0.04), had higher rates of stroke or transient ischemic attack (p = 0.03), and reported greater depressive symptoms on the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (7 vs 2, p

LanguageEnglish (US)
Pages853-857
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Cardiology
Volume117
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

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Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders
Heart Diseases
Depression
Checklist
Anxiety
Transient Ischemic Attack
Thoracic Surgery
Outpatients
Stroke
Mortality
Population
Therapeutics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Deng, L. X., Khan, A. M., Drajpuch, D., Fuller, S., Ludmir, J., Mascio, C. E., ... Kim, Y. Y. (2016). Prevalence and correlates of post-traumatic stress disorder in adults with congenital heart disease. American Journal of Cardiology, 117(5), 853-857. DOI: 10.1016/j.amjcard.2015.11.065

Prevalence and correlates of post-traumatic stress disorder in adults with congenital heart disease. / Deng, Lisa X.; Khan, Abigail May; Drajpuch, David; Fuller, Stephanie; Ludmir, Jonathan; Mascio, Christopher E.; Partington, Sara L.; Qadeer, Ayesha; Tobin, Lynda; Kovacs, Adrienne H.; Kim, Yuli Y.

In: American Journal of Cardiology, Vol. 117, No. 5, 01.03.2016, p. 853-857.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Deng, LX, Khan, AM, Drajpuch, D, Fuller, S, Ludmir, J, Mascio, CE, Partington, SL, Qadeer, A, Tobin, L, Kovacs, AH & Kim, YY 2016, 'Prevalence and correlates of post-traumatic stress disorder in adults with congenital heart disease' American Journal of Cardiology, vol 117, no. 5, pp. 853-857. DOI: 10.1016/j.amjcard.2015.11.065
Deng, Lisa X. ; Khan, Abigail May ; Drajpuch, David ; Fuller, Stephanie ; Ludmir, Jonathan ; Mascio, Christopher E. ; Partington, Sara L. ; Qadeer, Ayesha ; Tobin, Lynda ; Kovacs, Adrienne H. ; Kim, Yuli Y./ Prevalence and correlates of post-traumatic stress disorder in adults with congenital heart disease. In: American Journal of Cardiology. 2016 ; Vol. 117, No. 5. pp. 853-857
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