Preoperative Cognitive and Frailty Screening in the Geriatric Surgical Patient: A Narrative Review

Michael S. Axley, Katie J. Schenning

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose The identification of older patients who may have deficits in cognitive or functional domains will become more pressing as increasing numbers of these patients present for preoperative evaluations. The number of older adults with deficiencies in these areas is projected to grow, and more of these patients will present for assessment in preoperative clinics with the expectation that surgeries will be performed. Methods We review current outcomes data for preoperative cognitive impairment and frailty. Findings We point to a number of directions research is taking as systems for the prevention of postoperative cognitive and functional decline are being developed. We also discuss the current status of screening and examine potential instruments that can be used in the setting of the preanesthesia clinic. Implications Clinicians may anticipate that geriatric screening tools focused on cognitive and functional domains will play a direct role in the ongoing evolution of presurgical assessment and triage.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2666-2675
Number of pages10
JournalClinical therapeutics
Volume37
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2015

Keywords

  • cognition
  • frailty
  • geriatric
  • screening
  • surgical outcome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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