Preoperative breast MR imaging in newly diagnosed breast cancer: Comparison of outcomes based on mammographic modality, breast density and breast parenchymal enhancement

Azadeh Elmi, Emily F. Conant, Andrew Kozlov, Anthony J. Young, Qi Long, Robert K. Doot, Elizabeth S. McDonald

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: To compare the role of MR for assessment of extent of disease in women newly diagnosed with breast cancer imaged with digital mammography (DM) alone versus digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT). Methods: Retrospective review was conducted of 401 consecutive breast MR exams (10/1/2013–7/31/2015) from women who underwent preoperative MR for newly diagnosed breast cancer by either DM or DBT, leaving 388 exams (201 DM and 187 DBT). MR detection of additional, otherwise occult, disease was stratified by modality, breast density, and background parenchymal enhancement. A true-positive finding was defined as malignancy in the ipsilateral-breast >2 cm away from the index-lesion or in the contralateral breast. Results: 50 additional malignancies were detected in 388 exams (12.9%), 37 ipsilateral and 13 contralateral. There was no difference in the MR detection of additional disease in women imaged by either DM versus DBT (p = 0.53). In patients with DM, there was no significant difference in the rate of MR additional cancer detection in dense versus non-dense breasts (p = 0.790). However, in patients with DBT, MR detected significantly more additional sites of malignancy in dense compared to non-dense breasts (p = 0.017). There was no difference in false-positive MR exams (p = 0.470) for DM versus DBT. For both DM and DBT cohorts, higher MR background parenchymal enhancement was associated with higher false-positive (p = 0.040) but no significant difference in true-positive exams. Conclusions: Among patients with DBT imaging at cancer diagnosis, women with dense breasts appear to benefit more from preoperative MR than non-dense women. In women imaged only with DM, MR finds additional malignancy across all breast densities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)18-24
Number of pages7
JournalClinical Imaging
Volume70
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Breast MRI
  • Breast cancer
  • Dense breast
  • Staging
  • Tomosynthesis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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