Preferential targeting of lateral entorhinal inputs onto newly integrated granule cells

Nicholas I. Woods, Christopher E. Vaaga, Christina Chatzi, Jaimie D. Adelson, Matthew F. Collie, Julia V. Perederiy, Kenneth R. Tovar, Gary Westbrook

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Mature dentate granule cells in the hippocampus receive input from the entorhinal cortex via the perforant path in precisely arranged lamina, with medial entorhinal axons innervating the middle molecular layer and lateral entorhinal cortex axons innervating the outer molecular layer. Although vastly outnumbered by mature granule cells, adult-generated newborn granule cells play a unique role in hippocampal function, which has largely been attributed to their enhanced excitability and plasticity (Schmidt-Hieber et al., 2004; Ge et al., 2007). Inputs from the medial and lateral entorhinal cortex carry different informational content. Thus, the distribution of inputs onto newly integrated granule cells will affect their function in the circuit. Using retroviral labeling in combination with selective optogenetic activation of medial or lateral entorhinal inputs, we examined the functional innervation and synaptic maturation of newly generated dentate granule cells in the mouse hippocampus. Our results indicate that lateral entorhinal inputs provide the majority of functional innervation of newly integrated granule cells at 21 d postmitosis. Despite preferential functional targeting, the dendritic spine density of immature granule cells was similar in the outer and middle molecular layers, which we speculate could reflect an unequal distribution of shaft synapses. However, chronicblockadeof neurotransmitterreleaseof medial entorhinal axons with tetanus toxin disrupted normal synapse development of both medial and lateral entorhinal inputs. Our results support a role for preferential lateral perforant path input onto newly generated neurons in mediating pattern separation, but also indicate that medial perforant path input is necessary for normal synaptic development.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5843-5853
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Neuroscience
Volume38
Issue number26
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 27 2018

Keywords

  • Dentate gyrus
  • Neurogenesis
  • Pattern separation
  • Retroviral labeling
  • Synapse formation
  • Tetanus toxin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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    Woods, N. I., Vaaga, C. E., Chatzi, C., Adelson, J. D., Collie, M. F., Perederiy, J. V., Tovar, K. R., & Westbrook, G. (2018). Preferential targeting of lateral entorhinal inputs onto newly integrated granule cells. Journal of Neuroscience, 38(26), 5843-5853. https://doi.org/10.1523/JNEUROSCI.1737-17.2018