Preference-sensitive risk-cutoff values for prenatal-integrated screening test for Down syndrome

Jia Yan, Turgay Ayer, Pinar Keskinocak, Aaron Caughey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: For a pregnant woman considering prenatal screening for early detection of Down Syndrome (DS), there are at least two major outcomes of interest: undetected DS live births and euploid procedure-related fetal losses. The risk-cutoff value of 1/270 has been commonly used for recommending a diagnostic test. The objective of this study was to assess the impact of women's preferences for different pregnancy outcomes on the optimal risk-cutoff values for integrated screening. Method: We built a Monte Carlo simulation model of 100000 singleton second-trimester pregnancies to assess the probabilities of DS live births and euploid procedure-related fetal losses for various risk-cutoff values. To capture how undesirable some women may view an undetected DS live birth relative to a euploid procedure-related fetal loss, we used a ratio W1:W2 of weights (penalties) assigned to these two adverse pregnancy outcomes. Results: As the relative weight changes, the optimal risk-cutoff value changes significantly. Conclusion: A one-size-fits-all risk-cutoff value, such as 1/270, may not always be the best choice, depending on the preferences of women. Preference-sensitive risk-cutoff values for DS screening have the potential to improve the pregnancy outcomes and patient satisfaction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)645-651
Number of pages7
JournalPrenatal Diagnosis
Volume35
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2015

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics(clinical)
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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